Lake Balaton in Hungary is the largest freshwater lake in Central Europe with 591 km², which is also called "the sea of Hungary". Already that Celts and Romans practiced viticulture here at the turn of the times. The area is also considered one of the most scenic in Hungary. The north bank in particular, with its sheltered location and excellent sun exposure, is ideal for winegrowing. The great waters exerts a positive regulating influence on the climate out. The bottom is a combination of sand and peculiar volcanic cones, the best known of which is Badacsony. Above all, white wines are pressed here, the most common grape varieties are Olaszrizling ( Riesling ), Skürzenbarát ( Pinot gris ) Chardonnay and Rizlingszilváni ( Müller-Thurgau ). There are several wine-growing areas around the lake, these are Badacsony. Balatonboglár (formerly Dél-Balaton), Balatonfüred-Csopak. Balatonfelvidék (formerly Balaton-Mellék) and Zala (formerly Balatonmelléke).