Lake Balaton in Hungary is the largest freshwater lake in Central Europe with 591 km², which is also called "the sea of Hungary". Already the Celts and Romans operated here at the turn of the century viticulture. The area is also considered one of the most scenic of Hungary. Especially the north shore with its sheltered position and excellent sunshine is ideal for viticulture. The great waters exerts a positive regulatory influence on the climate. The soil is a combination of sand and peculiar volcanic cones, the most famous being Badacsony. Above all, white wines are pressed here, the most common grape varieties are Olaszrizling ( Riesling ), Skürzebarát ( Pinot Gris ) Chardonnay and Rizlingszilváni ( Müller-Thurgau ). There are several vineyards around the lake, these are Badacsony. Balatonboglár (formerly Dél-Balaton), Balatonfüred-Csopak. Balatonfelvidék (formerly Balaton-Mellék) and Zala (formerly Balatonmelléke).