counting archipelago with about 15 islands in the western Mediterranean with over 5,000 square kilometers of land. The history of the Balearic Islands has always been strong with the region Catalonia
That is why Catalan is spoken here today (in addition to Castilian). Many places received after the Franco rule from the mid-1970s again Catalan name. The center with Mallorca is located about 250 kilometers east of the Spanish mainland in the height of Valencia. The four main islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Eivissa (Catalan name, Castilian name is Ibiza) and Formentera. Politically, the Balearic Islands are divided into the two provinces of Gimnesia in the north (Mallorca, Menorca, Cabrera), and Pitiusas (Eivissa, Formentera) in the southwest.
They probably brought Phoenicians
viticulture in the Balearic Islands. Under Roman rule, the wine of Pliny the Elder
(23-79) praising. During the almost five centuries of Arab rule from the 8th to the 12th centuries, viticulture was only because dried grapes were a very popular food. In 1221, Jaime I (1213-1276) conquered the islands and later founded his own kingdom Aragón (to which also the French Roussillon
and the Spanish Catalonia
belonged), which had until the year 1343 inventory. At this time, wine was even delivered from the island of Mallorca to the Spanish royal court in Madrid.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the vineyard was about ten times larger than today. That put the phylloxera
at the end of this century, in just three years, a sudden end. The tourist boom from the early 1960s caused a growing wine consumption, but the wines were at that time rather poor quality. Today, viticulture is concentrated on the largest island of Mallorca (3,640 km²), on the other islands it has less importance. In the 19th century she was because of her sweet Malvasia wines
famous, the quality of the Madeira
were equated. After the phylloxera disaster, the vine was planted but little more. On all islands there is a warm and dry climate with around 300 sunny days a year. The vineyards cover about 2,000 hectares.
About 80% of red wines are from the most important variety Manto Negro
, such as Cabernet Sauvignon
produced. The white wines are from the main variety Moll ( Prensal
), such as Macabeo
vinified. There are the two DO areas Binissalem
(400 ha) in the center and Plà i Llevant
(225 ha) in the east of the island. Country wine areas (VdlT) are Eivissa
, Illes Balears
, Illa de Menorca
and Serra de Tramuntana-Costa Nord
. Well-known producers are Macíà Batle, Son Bordils, José L. Ferrer - Franja Roja
, Florianopolis, Castell Miquel
. Miquel Gelabert
. Toni Gelabert
, Can Majoral, Jaume Mesquida, Vins Nadal, Anima Negra, Miquel Oliver
, Hereus de Ribas, Pere Seda
and Ca'n Vidalet.