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Balearic Islands

Baleares (GB)
Îles Baléares (F)
Isole Baleari (I)
Baleares (PO)
Balearen (N)
Islas Baleares, Illes Balears (ES)
To Spain counting archipelago with about 15 islands in the western Mediterranean with over 5,000 square kilometers of land. The history of the Balearic Islands has always been strong with the region Catalonia That's why Catalan is spoken here today (in addition to Castilian). Many places were given after the Franco rule from the mid-1970s again Catalan name. The center with Mallorca is located about 250 kilometers east of the Spanish mainland in the height of Valencia. The four main islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Eivissa (Catalan name, Castilian name is Ibiza) and Formentera. Politically, the Balearic Islands are divided into the two provinces of Gimnesia in the north (Mallorca, Menorca, Cabrera), and Pitiusas (Eivissa, Formentera) in the southwest.

They probably brought Phoenicians Viticulture in the Balearic Islands. Under Roman rule, the wine of Pliny the Elder (23-79) praising. During the almost five centuries of Arab rule from the 8th to the 12th centuries, viticulture was only because dried grapes were a very popular food. In 1221, Jaime I (1213-1276) conquered the islands and later founded his own kingdom Aragón (to which also the French Roussillon and the Spanish Catalonia belonged), which had until the year 1343 inventory. During this time, wine was even delivered from the island of Mallorca to the Spanish royal court in Madrid.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the vineyard was about ten times larger than today. That put the phylloxera at the end of this century, in just three years, a sudden end. The tourist boom from the early 1960s made for a growing wine consumption, but the wines were at that time rather poor quality. Today, viticulture is concentrated on the largest island of Mallorca (3,640 km²), on the other islands it has less importance. In the 19th century she was because of her sweet Malvasia wines famous, the quality of the Madeira were equated. After the phylloxera catastrophe, the vine was hardly planted. On all islands there is a warm and dry climate with around 300 sunny days a year. The vineyards cover about 2,000 hectares.

About 80% of red wines are from the most important variety Manto Negro, as Cabernet Sauvignon. Callet. Fogoneu and Tempranillo produced. The white wines are from the main variety Moll ( Prensal ), as Macabeo (Viura) Parellada and Chardonnay vinified. There are the two DO areas Binissalem (400 ha) in the center and Plà i Llevant (225 ha) in the east of the island. Country wine areas (VdlT) are Eivissa , Formentera , Illes Balears , Illa de Menorca , Mallorca and Serra de Tramuntana-Costa Nord . Well-known producers are Macíà Batle, Son Bordils, José L. Ferrer - Franja Roja, Florianopolis, Castell Miquel. Miquel Gelabert. Toni Gelabert, Can Majoral, Jaume Mesquida, Vin Nadal, Anima Negra, Miquel Oliver, Hereus de Ribas, Pere Seda and Ca'n Vidalet.

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