The Fortified area is located in the wine-growing region Roussillon at the foot of the Pyrenees directly on the Spanish border. It is the southernmost appellation France, The AOC becomes from the grapes not used for the production of liqueur wine Collioure manufactured, the area of which is congruent with that of Banyuls. The vineyards on steeply sloping slopes on the Mediterranean coast encompass around 1,400 hectares of vineyards on slate soils in the four municipalities of Banyuls-sur-Mer, Cerbère, Collioure and Port-Vendres. Here one of the most famous sweet, fortifiedVin doux naturel produced. Due to the barren soil, there are only very few yield up to less than 20 hectoliters per hectare. The grapes reach high ripeness and often shrink on the vine like raisins a (roughly comparable to a Trockenbeerenauslese ). The mash is already being partially sprinkled (mutage sur grains), which is an intensive one extraction the color and flavorings causes.
Frequent decanting makes contact with oxygen or a oxidative expansion forced. But there are also variants without oxygen contact. Esa is available in red, rose and white. However, the white and red hardly differ in age. They are all made from Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) with at least 50%, Grenache Gris ( Garnacha Roja ), Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Macabeo, Malvoisie du Roussillon ( Torbato ) Muscat Blanc and Muscat d'Alexandrie, as well as a maximum of 10% Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault and Syrah blended.
The Banyuls Rancio appellation applies to wines that mature in oak barrels for up to two years and are exposed to the sun's rays. These often develop an amber yellow color and have the typical Rancio taste (French Goût du rancio, a pronounced age tone). The name Banyuls Grand Cru applies to wines that consist of at least 75% Grenache Noir, have been vinified from de-stemmed grapes and have been aged in oak barrels for at least 30 months. There is also a Banyuls Grand Cru Rancio .
With appropriate expansion, the extremely durable Banyuls resembles one port wine with an intense fragrance and taste coffee. honey. vanilla, Nuts, plums and dried fruit with a dry leaving, Wines from special vintages are produced on label marked with "Rimage". This is derived from the Catalan “rime” (grape) and means vintage. Well-known Banyuls producers are Cellier des Templiers, Chapoutier, Château de Jau, Clos des Paulille, CV l'Étoile, Domaine de la Casa Blanca, Domaine de la Rectorie, Domaine de la Tour Vieille, Domaine du Tragnier, Domaine du Mas Blanc and Domaine Vial-Magnères. Other VDN appeals in the Roussillon are Maury. Muscat de Rivesaltes and Rivesaltes,