Of the Fortified area lies in the winegrowing region Roussillon at the foot of the Pyrenees right on the Spanish border. It is the southernmost appellation France, The grapes not used for the production of liqueurs become AOC Collioure whose area coincides with that of Banyuls. The vineyards on steeply sloping slopes on the coast to the Mediterranean cover about 1,400 hectares of vineyards on slate soils in the four communities Banyuls -sur-Mer, Cerbère, Collioure and Port-Vendres. Here is one of the most famous sweet, fortifiedVin doux naturel produced. Due to the barren soil, there are only very small yield below 20 hectoliters per hectare. The grapes reach high maturity and often shrink on the vine like raisins a (roughly comparable to a Trockenbeerenauslese ). It is partly already mashed the mash (mutage sur grains), which is an intense extraction the color and flavorings causes.
By frequent decanting is a contact with oxygen or a oxidative expansion forced. But there are also variants without oxygen contact. Esa are variants in red, rosé and white. In old age, however, the white and red hardly differ. All of them are from Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) with at least 50%, Grenache Gris ( Garnacha Roja ), Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Macabeo, Malvoisie du Roussillon ( Torbato ) Muscat Blanc and Muscat d'Alexandrie, as well as a maximum of 10% Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault and Syrah blended.
The Banyuls Rancio appellation applies to wines aged for up to two years in oak barrels exposed to sunlight. These often develop an amber color and have the typical Rancio taste (French goût du rancio, a pronounced age-tone). The name Banyuls Grand Cru applies to wines made from at least 75% Grenache Noir, vinified from de-stemmed grapes and aged for at least 30 months in oak barrels. There is also a Banyuls Grand Cru Rancio .
With appropriate expansion, the extremely durable Banyuls resembles one port wine with intense scent and taste coffee. honey. vanilla, Nuts, prunes and dried fruit with a dry leaving, Wines from special vintages are on label marked with "Rimage". This is derived from the Catalan "rime" (grape) and means vintage (vintage). Well-known Banyuls producers are Cellier des Templiers, Chapoutier Château de Jau, Clos des Paulille, CV l'Étoile, Domaine de la Casa Blanca, Domaine de la Réctorie, Domaine de la Tour Vieille, Domaine du Tragnier, Domaine du Mas Blanc and Domaine Vial-Magnères. There are more VDN appellations in Roussillon Maury. Muscat de Rivesaltes and Rivesaltes,