DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region Piedmont, The vineyards stretch over 500 hectares, which are divided into roughly the same number of plots. The zone includes the municipalities Barbaresco (with over 50%), Neive and Treiso, as well as Alba with part of the area San Rocco Seno d'Elvio in the province of Cuneo. Additional possible geographical indications are Albesani, Asili, Ausario, Balluri, Basarin, Bernadot, Bordini, Bricco di Neive, Bricco di Treiso, Bric Micca, Cà Grossa, Canova, Cars, Casot, Castellizzano, Cavanna, Cole, Cottà, Currà, Faset , Fausoni, Ferrere, Gaia-Principe, Gallina, Garassino, Giacone, Giacosa, Manzola, Marcarini, Marcorino, Martinenga, Meruzzano, Montaribaldi, Montefico, Montersino, Montestefano, Muncagota, Nervo, Ovello, Pajé, Pajorè, Pora, Rabajà, Rabajà -Bas, Rio Sordo, Rivetti, Rizzi, Roccalini, Rocche Massalupo, Rombone, Roncaglie, Roncagliette, Ronchi, San Cristoforo, San Giuliano, San Stunet, Secondine, Serraboella, Serracapelli, Serragrilli, Starderi, Tre Stelle, Trifolera, Vallee, Valeirano and Vicenziana. These may be preceded by Vigna at the label be cited.
Just like the neighboring one Barolo the French oenologist Louis performed Oudart Obstetrics. The one he owned at the winery in 1862 Castello di Neive Dry wine from the Nebbiolo grape attracted international attention. At that time, the municipality of Neive was not yet part of the Barbaresco area, it only came in 1933. The Barbaresco of this name, which was dry-aged for the first time, was then pressed in 1890 by the enologist Domizzio Cavazza (director of the Alba wine school) in Barbaresco. This can be seen as the birth of today's wine. From the 1960s the famous wine maker Angelo wore Gaja most for the enormous increase in quality of the Barbaresco.
The DOC classification took place in 1966, the recognition as DOCG in 1980. From the mid-1980s, new techniques such as short fermentation times, shorter barrel aging times and barrel aging were tested. The Barbaresco is 100 percent pure from the variety Nebbiolo vinified. He is that Barolo very similar and is also known as the "little brother of Barolo" or "the queen's wine". The calcareous marl soil also resembles the tortonium of the Barolo areas of La Morra and Barolo. Due to the climate-related earlier ripeness of the grapes, it is somewhat milder than the Barolo, less robust and rich in alcohol and therefore also has a shorter lifespan or shelf life. But he is by no means lacking tannin and acid, The best age at Barbaresco is between five and ten years.
The Barbaresco has 26 months, of which 9 months in wooden barrels Riserva 50 months, of which 9 months in wooden barrels. Both wines must have a minimum alcohol content of 12.5% vol. Around three million bottles are produced annually. The best-known producers include Piero Busso, Ca 'del Baio, Cascina Luisin, Castello di Neive, Pio Cesare, Ceretto, Cigliuti, Giuseppe Cortese, Fontanabianca, Gaja. Giacosa Bruno, La Contea, Lano, La Spinetta, Marchesi di Gresy, Moccagatta, Montaribaldi, Fiorenzo Nada, Oddero, Giorgio Pelissero, Produttori del Barbaresco. Prunotto, Roagna, Rocca Albino, Bruno Rocca, Sottimano, Terrenostre and Veraldo. The best vintages are 1982, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1997, 1998 and 2000.