The grape variety comes from France; the name means "vine with reddish berries". The most important of the approximately 50 Synonyms Barbarons, Barbarossa, Grec Rosé, Grec Rouge, Gros Barbaroux, Scarlet Goose Feeder, Merveille, Raisin Monstrueux, Regina Rossa, Red Hammel's Rhodes, Roussée and Uva Barbarossa. It may not be based on apparently indicative synonyms with the varieties Grec Rouge or Rosé du Var (both with synonym Barbaroux) to be confused. According to done in 2009 DNA analysis the assumptions were refuted that the Italian Barbarossa varieties (Liguria, Piemonte) or the German variety argant are identical.
The very old variety was first mentioned in 1667 in the area Toulon-Provence under Barbarons, where it was once widespread. The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine is prone to Botrytis and real mildew, It produces aromatic red wines with moderate acid and alcohol content and is also known as table grape used. The variety is in the Provence Used as a blend for rose and red wines. There she is in the two appellations Cassis and Côtes de Provence authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 30 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)