The grape variety comes from France; the name means "vine with reddish berries". The most important of the around 50 Synonyms are Barbarons, Barbarossa, Grec Rosé, Grec Rouge, Gros Barbaroux, Scarlet Goosefoot, Merveille, Raisin Monstrueux, Regina Rossa, Rote Hammelshode, Roussée and Uva Barbarossa. Due to apparently indicative synonyms, it may not be used with the varieties Grec Rouge or Rosé du Var (both synonymous with Barbaroux). According to in 2009 DNA analysis the assumptions that the Italian Barbarossa varieties (Liguria, Piemonte) or the German variety argant are identical.
The very old variety was first mentioned in 1667 in the Toulon-Provence area under Barbarons, where it was previously widespread. The medium-ripening, productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis and real ones mildew, It produces aromatic red wines with moderate acid and alcohol content and is also known as table grape used. The variety is today in the Provence used as a blend for rosé and red wines. There she is in the two appellations Cassis and Cotes de Provence authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 30 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)