About 70 kilometers northeast of Adelaide, the winegrowing area (GI) in the state of South Australia is considered one of the most important and famous in Australia, The surrounding Barossa Ranges are part of the South Australian mountain range Mount Lofty Ranges. The name Barossa is of Spanish origin. Together with the area Eden Valley Barossa Valley forms the Barossa zone. The first settlers were of English descent. The basis for the viticulture however created little later German settlers above all from Silesia, as well as Posen and Prussia in the period 1840 to 1880, which brought the Riesling. The frequent German street names remind of it. In 1847, the immigrant Johann Gramp (1819-1903), born in Bavaria, planted the first vines in the flat valley floor; today this is the winery Orlando, In 1845, the English physician Dr. Christopher Penfold (1811-1870) here his winery, the under Penfolds still exists today. Later this was the famous wine growing pioneer Max Schubert (1915-1994). The native of Silesia Joseph Ernest Seppelt (1813-1868) founded in 1851 one of the largest wineries on the continent.
Soon wine became one of the most important products and around 1890 already exported to England. By the hot and dry climate is largely artificial irrigation required. The vineyards are mainly on level land at an altitude between 240 and 300 meters. The area provides much of the Australian production, but grapes are also processed from other areas. The vineyards cover about 10,000 hectares, which are the main grape varieties Riesling, Shiraz ( Syrah ) and Cabernet Sauvignon, Well-known producers are Glaetzer, Henschke, Krondorf, Charles Melton, Mitolo. Orlando. Penfolds. Peter Lehmann. Richmond Grove. Rockford Saltram, Seppelt. St. Hallett, Veritas, Wolf pale ( Treasury Wine Estates ) and Yalumba,