Designation for a barrel-shaped (cylindrical) mostly bulbous container made of various materials such as wood, metal, plastic or ceramic for the storage of liquids. In viticulture barrels are mostly made of wood, because this material is breathable and a metered access of oxygen allows what is usually desired during wine making. For filling and emptying it has a small, as bung (Bunghole) designated opening. It can also be open on one side and is then provided with a lid. For large barrels, an entry point in the ground ( barrel bolt ) for one person cleaning. The roller shape allows effortless handling, moving and space-saving stacking.
Barrels of various types and volumes play in relation to the expansion a significant role. The manufacturing used to be done by the craft profession of cooper, Today, however, the wooden barrels are mostly in as tonnellerie designated companies produced industrially. The historical development is detailed below wine vessels described. See the topic under the following keywords:
See also English terms for barrel fermentation and barrel aging under barrel and a list of all barrels under drum types, All aids, works and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle one finds below Weingarten Care, Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,