Term for a cylindrical (cylindrical) mostly bulbous container made of various materials such as wood, metal, plastic or ceramic for the storage of liquids. In winegrowing, barrels are mostly made of wood because this material is breathable and has a metered access of oxygen allows what is usually desired when vinification. For filling and emptying, it has a small, as bung (Bunghole) designated opening. It can also be open on one side and is then provided with a lid. With large barrels, an entry possibility in the bottom ( barrel bolt ) cleaning for one person. The roller shape enables effortless handling, moving and also space-saving stacking.
Barrels of different types and volumes play in relation to the expansion an important role. The production used to be done by the craft profession of cooper, Today the wooden barrels are mostly in tonnellerie designated companies manufactured industrially. The historical development is detailed below wine vessels described. See for the topic under the following keywords:
See also English terms for barrel fermentation and barrel aging under barrel as well as a list of all barrels under drum types, All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,