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basement, cellar

cellar (GB)
cave, chai (F)
cantina (I)

See below wine cellar,

Common name for the locality, where wine is mostly in bottles or stored in other containers. In the original sense, this means an underground space, but the term also applies to a ground-level arrangement. Under winery, however, usually means a production site, which unlike an independent winery has no own vineyards and processed by grape producers processed grapes, as for example in Winzergenossenschaften or other processing communities. Likewise, however, winery is also used as a name for a wine shop (wine shop). The old wine cellars, which were dug below the level, were usually located next to each other in the so-called "Weinbaugen" Kellergasse and gave a typical picture. This was preceded by the actual wine cellar Presshaus in which as the name says, that Press was carried out. The press house was over the basement with the Keller tube, connected to the actual storage cellar. Often occurring in such cellars dark basement mold (also basement cat ) was or is desired.

Basement tube and press house

In the fermentation arises the toxic for humans manure gas ( carbon dioxide ). In order to determine the degree of the existing gas, the extremely uncertain method of the former was used candles sample applied. The gas was previously discharged via two structural devices. That was the one in the cellar door Gärgitter and the steam pipe (Ventilation shaft). But both are only partially suitable because the carbon dioxide is heavier than air and thus collects at the bottom or at the lowest point. Today, the carbon...

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