Traditional round wooden grape press. It consists of a permeable wooden robe (basket) and a metal spindle, which is connected to the press cover. Newer models are made entirely of metal. Such presses are usually operated by hand. The grapes can be gently squeezed by slowly increasing the pressure. Today they are used very specifically, especially for special wines like high-quality ones red wines. noble sweet Wines and Eiswein, The disadvantage is the relatively small filling quantity, but above all the strong one oxidation and the big problems or effort involved in keeping them clean.
The advantage, however, is the relatively low, gentle pressing pressure. In the Champagne For some houses, special basket presses are therefore traditionally still mandatory for the production of the best champagne qualities. Even with large producers, such as Mondavi (California) are in use. Another traditional press is the Torggel or the very similar tree press, which works by means of leverage. The process of grape pressing and other variants of these devices see under the keyword Press,
Images below: Alfred Deak Wien