Historical landscape on both sides of the Pyrenees on French and Spanish territory with a very independent population (around 600,000 in Spain and 90,000 in France ) who cling to their culture very tough. The Basque language (Euskara) is the only non-Indo-European language in Europe (but it has developed quite differently in the two countries). In the French area are the two appellations Béarn and Irouléguy, In the north of Spain, this is one of the 17 regions (Spanish País Vasco, Basque Euskadi = Basque Collection) right on the French border. Earlier also counted the Gascogne in southwestern France (came to France in the 15th century). There are three provinces, the capital is Bilbao. In the region there are the three DO areas Chacolí de Alava. Chacolí de Guetaria and Chacolí de Vizcaya, A special feature is that vineyards in the very south of the province of Alava to the DO area Rioja (Rioja Alavesa) count.