Historical landscape on both sides of the Pyrenees in French and Spanish territory with a very independent population (around 600,000 in Spain and 90,000 in France ) who stick to their culture very tough. The Basque language (Euskara) is the only non-Indo-European language in Europe (but this has developed quite differently in the two countries). The two appeals are in the French area Béarn and Irouléguy, In the north of Spain, this is one of the 17 regions (Spanish: País Vasco, Basque Euskadi = collection of the Basque) directly on the French border. That used to count Gascogne in southwestern France (came to France in the 15th century). There are three provinces, the capital is Bilbao. There are three DO areas in the region Chacolí de Alava. Chacolí de Guetaria and Chacolí de Vizcaya, A special feature is that vineyards in the very south of the province of Alava to the DO area Rioja (Rioja Alavesa) count.