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Abbreviation for "Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives". The American Federal Police Authority was founded in 1972 and was subordinate to the US Department of Justice. The main tasks were combating violent crime and protecting the public in relation to alcohol, tobacco, firearms and explosives. Specifically, the authority was, for example, for taxation, for the approval of labels, for the movement of goods alcohol between the federal states and protection against distortions (Pantschereien) in charge. In the context of alcohol, compliance with the law was checked. On behalf of the US Federal Government, the office developed from the 1970s, the American Appellation System AVA (American Viticultural Area) modeled after the French Appellation d'Origine Protégée which then in 1983 for the entire United States was put into effect.

All new AVA's had to be requested from BATF. As a result of the 2002 entered into force "Homeland Security Act" was a division of tasks. The topics "weapons and crime" have been separated from the functions of "regulation and taxation". Responsibility for firearms and explosives has been transferred to the Ministry of Justice, along with responsibility for investigating arson and crimes related to alcohol and tobacco, such as smuggling and counterfeiting. All taxes and trade related matters for alcohol and tobacco became the new authority from January 2003 TTB (Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau) assigned to the Ministry of Finance.

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