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Abbreviation for "Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives". The United States Federal Police Department was founded in 1972 and was subordinate to the United States Department of Justice. The main tasks were combating violent crime and protecting the public in relation to alcohol, tobacco, firearms and explosives. Specifically, the authority was, for example, for taxation, for the approval of labels, for the movement of goods from alcohol between the federal states and protection against adulteration (pantchery). In connection with alcohol, compliance with the legal regulations was checked. On behalf of the US federal government, the office developed the American appellation system from the 1970s AVA (American Viticultural Area) modeled on the French Appellation d'Origine Protégée which then in 1983 for the whole United States was enacted.

All new AVAs had to be requested from the BATF. As a result of the “Homeland Security Act”, which came into force in 2002, the tasks were divided. The issues of "weapons and crimes" have been separated from the functions of "regulation and taxation". Responsibility for firearms and explosives has been transferred to the Department of Justice, along with responsibility for investigating arson and alcohol and tobacco-related crimes, such as smuggling and counterfeiting. All agendas related to taxes and trade in alcohol and tobacco became the new agency in January 2003 TTB (Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau), which is assigned to the Ministry of Finance.

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