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The French physician Jean Bauhin (1511-1582) converted to the Reformed faith. In the wake of the persecution of the Huguenots, he fled to Basel in Switzerland. He founded the scholar family Bauhin, which produced numerous scientists until the 18th century. His sons Caspar and Johann became famous doctors and botanists.

His son Caspar Bauhin (1560-1624) studied medicine at the University of Basel and botany at the University of Tübingen; his botanical abbreviation is "C.BAUHIN". From 1589 he was a lecturer and then first full professor of anatomy and botany at the University of Basel. He is considered one of the "fathers of botany" in terms of naming (nomenclature), individual descriptions (physiognomy) and arrangement according to habitual similarities (systematics). Caspar Bauhin was the first to fully differentiate between species and genus, and in his botanical works "Prodomus" and "Pinax theatri botanici" described around 5,640 species of plants known at that time. Among other things, he also described the American vine species for the first time Vitis labrusca, He also influenced the division of the vines (see under Vines systematics ).

His older brother Johannes Bauhin (1541-1613) studied philosophy, medicine and botany at the University of Basel, then botany in Tübingen and anatomy and botany in Montpellier; its official botanical abbreviation is "J.BAUHIN". Bauhin operated a medical practice in Lyon and Geneva and was professor of medicine at the University of Basel. He made a name for himself by the posthumously published in 1650 botanical encyclopedia "Historia plantarum universalis, nova, et absolutissima". It also describes the most important grape varieties of the time, many of which have already died out; see below Chasselas (Fendant) feeder. Savagnin Rose and Traminer,

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