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Bauhin

The French doctor Jean Bauhin (1511-1582) converted to the Reformed faith. In the course of the persecution of the Huguenots, he fled to Basel in Switzerland. He founded the Bauhin family of scholars, which produced numerous scientists until the 18th century. His sons Caspar and Johann became famous doctors and botanists.

His son Caspar Bauhin (1560-1624) studied medicine at the University of Basel and botany at the University of Tübingen; its botanical abbreviation is "C.BAUHIN". From 1589 he was a lecturer and then the first full professor of anatomy and botany at the University of Basel. He is considered one of the "fathers of plant science" with regard to naming (nomenclature), individual descriptions (physiognomy) and arrangement according to habitual similarities (systematics). Caspar Bauhin was the first to completely differentiate between species and genus and described around 5,640 plant species known at the time in his botanical works "Prodomus" and "Pinax theatri botanici". Among other things, he also described the American vine species for the first time Vitis labrusca, He also influenced the division of the vines (see under Vines systematics ).

His older brother Johannes Bauhin (1541-1613) studied philosophy, medicine and botany at the University of Basel, then botany in Tübingen and anatomy and botany in Montpellier; its official botanical abbreviation is "J.BAUHIN". Bauhin ran a medical practice in Lyon and Geneva and was professor of medicine at the University of Basel. He made a name for himself through the botanical encyclopedia "Historia plantarum universalis, nova, et absolutissima", published posthumously in 1650. It also describes the most important grape varieties of the time, many of which were already extinct today; see below Chasselas (Fendant) feeder. Savagnin Rose and Traminer,

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