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The French chemist Antoine Baumé (1728-1804) led from 1752 in Paris a pharmacy. In 1773 he became a member of the Académie française. In 1768, he developed the liquid balance (Baumé hydrometer) he developed for measuring density. From 1771 until the middle of the 20th century, it was mainly used in the mineral oil and sulfuric acid industry. With the instrument can also the alcohol content a liquid can be measured. In the Mediterranean countries, the Baumé scale was and still is partly still in place for determining the Most weight (expressed in the unit Bé) in use. Baumé also designed improved distillation equipment. See also below Babo. Balling. Brix and Oechsle,

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