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The French chemist Antoine Baumé (1728-1804) ran a pharmacy in Paris from 1752. In 1773 he became a member of the Académie française. In 1768, the liquid scale (Baumé hydrometer) he developed for measuring density was introduced. From 1771 and until the middle of the 20th century, this was mainly used in the mineral oil and sulfuric acid industry. With the instrument, too alcohol content a liquid can be measured. In the Mediterranean countries the Baumé scale for determining the Most weight (expressed in the unit Bé) in use. Baumé also designed improved stills. See also under Babo. Balling. Brix and Oechsle,

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