The German Botanist Erwin Baur (1875-1933) first studied medicine and then biology. In 1911 he received the chair of botany at the Berlin Agricultural College and in 1914 the first Institute for heredity science. At that time was the phylloxera, as well as true and false mildew a serious problem in European viticulture. Baur realized that with consistent application genetic Regularities must be possible, the resistance American Wild vines to combine with the quality of the European cultural heritage. In 1928 he founded the department for vine breeding in Müncheberg (Mark Brandenburg ) as a branch office of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (KWI) for breeding research. He introduced the resistance breeding and entrusted this task to his assistant Bernhard Husfeld (1900-1970). This became in 1933 after the death Baurs interim director of the institute and brought after the Second World War extensive grape breeding material from Mönchehof in the vineyard Geilweilerhof in Siebeldingen-Pfalz. Baur was the editor of several (still existing) journals such as "Zeitschrift für inductive genealogy and heredity", the world's first genetics journal (now "Molecular and General Genetics"), as well as author of widely used textbooks such as "The Scientific Foundations of Plant Breeding" (1921).