The city in the area Côte de Beaune, the southern part of the Côte d'Or is considered the wine capital in the French Burgundy (the political capital is Dijon ). The city was founded by Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) as a Roman camp and was the seat of the kings of Burgundy until the 13th century. Under Duke Philip the Good (1396-1467) Nicolas Rolin (1376-1462) founded in 1443 the world famous "Hotel Dieu" (the Hotel of God), the Christian Hospices de Beaune, which was used until 1971 as a hospital. The annual event here auction (Auction) of wines for charity is today a world event.
In the 18th century, the city's first major wine merchants such as Champy (1720) and Bouchard (1721). The city is still surrounded by walls and undercut by numerous wine cellars. The eponymous appellation Beaune covers 414 hectares of vines, of which 90% red wines Pinot Noir with shares of Pinot Gris and Pinot Liébault to be produced. The few white wines are out Chardonnay with shares of Pinot Blanc vinified. There is none Grands Crus, The over 40 Premiers Crus cover 322 hectares of vineyards; the best known are Avaux, Bressandes, Cent Vignes, Champs Pimont, Clos des Mouches, Clos du Roy, Fèves, Gréves, Marconettes, Teurons and Vignes Franches. Well-known producers are André, Besancenot-Mathouillet, Bichot. Bouchard Père et Fils. Hospices de Beaune. Jadot. Joseph Drouhin. Latour Louis, Morot and Tollot-Beaut. An appellation near the city is Côte de Beaune,