The city in the area Cote de Beaune, the southern part of the Cote d'Or is considered the wine capital in French Burgundy (the political capital is Dijon ). The city was founded by Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) as a Roman camp and was the seat of the kings of Burgundy until the 13th century. Under Duke Philip the Good (1396-1467), Nicolas Rolin (1376-1462) founded the world-famous “Hôtel Dieu” (Hotel of God), the Christian, in 1443 Hospices de Beaune, which was used as a hospital until 1971. The annual one here auction (Auctioning) wines for charitable purposes is a world event today.
In the 18th century, the first large wine trading houses such as Champy (1720) and Bouchard (1721). The city is still surrounded by walls and undermined by numerous wine cellars. The appellation of the same name encompasses 414 hectares of vineyards, of which 90% are red wines Pinot Noir with proportions of Pinot gris and Pinot Liébault to be produced. The few white wines are made Chardonnay with proportions of Pinot Blanc vinified. There is none Grands Crus, The over 40 Premiers Crus cover 322 hectares of vineyards; the best known include Avaux, Bressandes, Cent Vignes, Champs Pimont, Clos des Mouches, Clos du Roy, Fèves, Gréves, Marconetts, Teurons and Vignes Franches. Well-known producers are André, Besancenot-Mathouillet, Bichot. Bouchard Père et Fils. Hospices de Beaune. Jadot. Joseph Drouhin. Latour Louis, Morot and Tollot-Beaut. An appellation close to the city is Cote de Beaune,