In the 9th century it was under emperor Charlemagne (742-814) was cultivated by monks in what is now southern Belgium. On the Meuse (which was also an important traffic route) there were vineyards around the towns of Antwerp, Brabant, Hainaut, Liège and Naumur. Even in the early Middle Ages, wines from Flanders (today the two Belgian provinces of East and West Flanders, the rest of which is in France) were highly valued and the center of Northern Europe Weinhandels, In the 15th century it became aground climatic Changes related to the Little ice age and the competition from the Burgundy viniculture abandoned.
In the 1970s, vineyards were created for the first time. These are located in Aarschot in the Flemish Hageland and Huy near Liège. There is even a quality wine division (PDO) called Maasvallei Limburg (together with the Netherlands ). 15 grape varieties are permitted, including the white wine varieties Auxerrois. Chardonnay. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot gris and Optima as well as the red wine variety Pinot Noir, In greenhouses table grapes such as Leopold III drawn. In 2012 the vineyard area covered 30 hectares with one Wine production quantity of 3,000 hectoliters. Mainly dry white wines are produced. The Belgian wine demand is mainly made up of imports France covered.