In the 9th century was under Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) operated by monks in today's southern Belgium viticulture. On the Maas (which was also an important transport route), there were vineyards around the towns of Antwerp, Brabant, Hainaut, Liège and Naumur. Even in the early Middle Ages, wines from Flanders (today the two Belgian provinces of East and West Flanders, the remaining part being in France) were highly valued and the center of Northern Europe Weinhandels, In the 15th century was due to climatic Changes related to the Little ice age and the competition from the Burgundy abandoned the viticulture.
In the 1970s, winegrowing areas were again created for the first time. These are located in Aarschot in the Flemish Hageland and Huy near Liège. There is even a quality wine area (PDO) called Maasvallei Limburg (together with the Netherlands ). There are 15 grape varieties allowed, including the white grape varieties Auxerrois. Chardonnay. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot Gris and Optima as well as the red wine variety Pinot Noir, In greenhouses will be table grapes such as Leopold III. drawn. In 2012, the vineyard covered 30 hectares with a Wine production quantity of 3,000 hectoliters. It mainly produces dry white wines. The Belgian wine supply is mainly made by import France covered.