The appellation (also Bergeracois) is east of the city of the same name Bordeaux named. With over 12,000 hectares of vineyards, it is the largest wine-growing region in Southwest France, Viticulture is practiced in around 90 of the total of 133 municipalities. They are located in the southeast of the department Dordogne along the river of the same name. There are independent appellations as enclaves in this huge area monbazillac. Montravel (with subappellations Côtes de Montravel and Haut-Montravel), Pecharmant. rosette and saussignac,
Wine was cultivated here by the Romans as early as the 1st century and reached by the monasteries in the Middle Ages Benedictine and Cistercian highest bloom. At that time Bergerac was jointly with areas other than Haut-Pays (Upper Land) designated. Bergerac has stood by its "big brother" for centuries Bordeaux in competition and was also fought with unfair means. The Bergerac wines had to be shipped via the port of Bordeaux and small barrels were prescribed for the little neighbor. Since the customs duty was not calculated according to the volume, but according to the number of barrels, this made exporting more difficult, but wine from Bergerac at that time achieved world fame. The Prussian king was a prominent lover Frederick II the Great (1712-1786). After the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) between England and France in the battle for mainland France (including Bordeaux), the Dutch dominated wine trade and it was for two centuries sweet wine forced. The vineyards were then around three times as large.
The oceanic climate is characterized by heavy rainfall in spring and late autumn, hot and dry summers and mild winters. Due to the frequent fog in the Dordogne valley, the formation of Botrytis (Noble rot) favored. To the north of Bergerac, to the right of the river, the soils consist of gravel sand sediments on a limestone base and further downstream of limestone with red clay. Limestone with clay predominates on the left bank. The most important types of red wine and rose wine are Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Merlot, Malbec ( Cot ) Fer and Merille, the most important types of white wine Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon. Muscadelle. Ondenc. Chenin Blanc and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ).
There are two different appellations for the red, rosé and white wines. The reason is not that terroir, as one might think because of the term "Côtes", but they are different types of wine. Bergerac produces fruity young wines to drink. The storable wines Côtes de Bergerac are subject to stricter conditions with lower ones earnings and higher alcohol content, The term Côtes de Bergerac moelleux only applies to sweet white wines made from dried grapes. Well-known producers at Bergerac are Château Bélingard, Château Court-les-Muts, Château de la Colline, Château de la Mallevieille, Château du Bloy, Château Grinou, Château la Plante, Château le Mayne, Château le Raz, Château Tour des Gendres, Clos d'Yvigne, Domaine Constant, Domaine de la Jaubertie, Domaine de Richard and Domaine Grand Maison.