The appellation (also Bergeracois) is after the city of the same name east of Bordeaux named. With over 12,000 hectares of vineyards, it is the largest winegrowing region in Southwest France, Viticulture is practiced in around 90 of the 133 municipalities. They are located in the southeast of the department Dordogne along the river of the same name. As enclaves in this huge area there are the independent appellations monbazillac. Montravel (with subappellations Côtes de Montravel and Haut-Montravel), Pecharmant. rosette and saussignac,
Here was already operated in the 1st century by the Romans viticulture and reached in the Middle Ages by the monasteries of the Benedictine and Cistercian highest flowering. At that time, Bergerac was considered together with other areas Haut-Pays (Upper country). For centuries Bergerac was the "big brother" Bordeaux in competition and was also fought with unfair means. The Bergerac wines had to be shipped through the port of Bordeaux and small neighbors were prescribed small barrels. Since the duty was not calculated on the volume, but on the number of barrels, so that the export was difficult, but still obtained at that time wine from Bergerac world fame. A prominent lover was the Prussian king Frederick II the Great (1712-1786). After the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) between England and France in the battle for mainland France (including Bordeaux) dominated the Dutch wine trade and for two centuries it became sweet wine forced. At that time the vineyards were about three times bigger.
The oceanic climate is characterized by heavy rainfall in spring and late autumn, hot and dry summers, and mild winters. Due to the frequent fog in the valley of the Dordogne the formation of Botrytis (Noble rot) favors. North of Bergerac, on the right side of the river, the soils consist of gravel sand sediments on a limestone base and further downstream from limestone with red clay. The left bank is dominated by limestone with clay. The most important red wine or rosé wines are Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Merlot, Malbec ( Cot ) Fer and Merille, the most important white wines Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon. Muscadelle. Ondenc. Chenin Blanc and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ).
There are two different appellation names for the red, rosé and white wines. The reason is not that terroir, as you might think because of the term "Côtes", but it is different types of wine. Bergerac produces fruity wines for drinking young. The storable wines Côtes de Bergerac are subject to stricter conditions with lower earnings and higher alcohol content, The name Côtes de Bergerac moelleux only applies to sweet white wines made from dried grapes. Well-known producers in Bergerac are Château Bélingard, Château Court-les-Muts, Château de la Colline, Château de la Mallevieille, Château du Bloy, Château Grinou, Château la Plante, Château le Mayne, Château le Raz, Château Tour des Gendres, Clos d'Yvigne, Domaine Constant, Domaine de la Jaubertie, Domaine de Richard and Domaine Grand Maison.