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23.054 Keywords • 48.238 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 154.951 Cross-references

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Bessarabia

Historical landscape in south-east Europe, bordered by the Black Sea to the south, the Pruth River to the west and the Dniester River to the east. A viticulture is like in this area by archaeological finds amphorae and grape seeds were founded over 5,000 years ago. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) visited around 450 BC The Greek settlements at the mouth of the two rivers Dnepr and Dnestr and reported that wine was drunk everywhere. The Romans later promoted viticulture. The term "Bessarabia" (Romanian Basarabia) has nothing to do with Arabia, but is derived from the Wallachian princely family Basarab, which ruled there for around 150 years in the 13th and 14th centuries. From the end of the 15th century, the area came under Ottoman rule for over 300 years, which was due to the fact that it was associated with it alcohol ban led to the decline of viticulture.

The name Bessarabia was only used from 1812 when the Principality of Moldova took control of the area Russia relinquished. After an eventful history with some border changes, the area became an eastern province in 1918 Romania which the USSR never accepted. Finally, in 1940 Bessarabia was occupied by the Red Army and incorporated into the USSR as the Moldavian SSR. After the collapse of the USSR, the Moldavian SSR disintegrated into the present state in 1991 Moldova and the Transnistrian Moldavian Republic, east of the Dniester, which is not recognized under international law, but whose territory never belonged to Bessarabia. The former Bessarabian area today largely coincides with the west of the Dniester part of Moldova, only the south (Budschak) and the extreme north around Hotin belong to Ukraine,

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