Historical landscape in southeastern Europe, bordered to the south by the Black Sea, to the west by the river Prut and to the east by the river Dniester. A viticulture is in this area by archaeological finds like amphorae
and grape seeds founded more than 5,000 years ago. The Greek historian Herodotus
(482-425 BC) visited around 450 BC The Greek settlements at the mouth of the two rivers Dnieper and Dnestr and reported that there was drunk wine everywhere. The Romans later promoted viticulture. The term "Bessarabia" (Romanian Basarabia) has nothing to do with Arabia, but derives from the Wallachian princely family Basarab, which ruled there for about 150 years in the 13th and 14th centuries. From the end of the 15th century, the area came under Ottoman rule for more than 300 years alcohol ban
led to the decline of viticulture.
The name Bessarabia was used only from 1812, when the Principality of Moldova dominated the area Russia
relinquished. After an eventful history with some border changes, the area became an eastern province in 1918 Romania
which the USSR never accepted. Finally, in 1940, Bessarabia was occupied by the Red Army and incorporated into the USSR as Moldavian SSR. After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, the Moldavian SSR disintegrated into today's state Moldova
and the Transnistrian Moldavian Republic, which lies to the east of the Dniester and which is not recognized under international law, but whose territory never belonged to Bessarabia. Today, the former Bessarabian territory largely coincides with the part of Moldavia west of the Dniester, only the south (Budschak) and the extreme north around Hotin belong to the Ukraine