Short form of the term "biological diversity" or "diversity of life". This can mean both the genetic diversity within a population and the degree of species richness in a specific location (also habitat, region). A region's biodiversity comprises four different levels (levels) of diversity. These are genetic diversity within a species, species diversity in an ecosystem, ecosystem diversity and functional biodiversity. In a broader sense, it means the entire biodiversity on earth.
The existence of a large number of different plant and animal organisms is the prerequisite for a stable one ecosystem, The term biodiversity is used in the media mainly in connection with the threat to human and biodiversity climate Change used either by human influences or long-term natural climate changes. However, "biodiversity" very often serves as a synonym for the somewhat bulky name in German. In bio-ecologically oriented agriculture and in viniculture The term has a great meaning, which is protected by an environmentally conscious pest control beneficials as well as in floor care.
However, the definition chosen in the "Convention on Biological Diversity" (CBD) also includes other meanings. The CBD is an international environmental contract negotiated in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. A principle of the CBD is the so-called "Access and Benefit Sharing", that means access to biodiversity and fair benefit sharing for its use. The conservation of biodiversity is considered an indispensable part of a policy of sustainability Roger that. The Biodiversity Convention has meanwhile been adopted by around 190 states as well as the European Union signed. The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are considered an important basis for human well-being. In 2010 the UN decided to declare the years 2011 to 2020 the UN Decade of Biodiversity.
Biodiversity is also in the viniculture the prerequisite for maintaining the biological balance and protecting the environment at the nützlingschonenden Combating pests. Maintaining and promoting biodiversity is an important goal at fertilization and plant protection, like that in different forms ecological. biodynamic and Bioenergetic viticulture as well as the Perma-Culture is practiced. See also regarding the principles and the different forms of production below Organic viticulture,