Short form of the term "biological diversity" or "diversity of life". This may mean both the genetic diversity within a population and the degree of species richness at a particular location (including habitat, region). The biodiversity of a region encompasses four different levels of diversity. These are genetic diversity within a species, species diversity in an ecosystem, ecosystem diversity and functional biodiversity. In a broader sense, this refers to the entire biodiversity on earth.
The existence of a large number of different plant and animal organisms is the prerequisite for a stable ecosystem, The term biodiversity is used in the media mainly in connection with the threat to biodiversity by humans and the climate Change either used by human influences or long-term natural climatic changes. As a synonym for the somewhat bulky name in German, however, very often "biodiversity" is used. In the biologically-ecological agriculture and in the viniculture The term has a great importance, which is protected by an environmentally conscious pest control beneficials and in the care of the soil.
However, the definition chosen in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) also includes other meanings. The CBD is an international environmental treaty negotiated in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. A principle of the CBD is the so-called "Access and Benefit Sharing", which means access to biological diversity and fair benefit sharing for their use. The preservation of biodiversity is considered an indispensable part of a policy of sustainability Roger that. The Biodiversity Convention has since been adopted by around 190 states and the European Union signed. The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are considered to be important foundations for human well-being. In 2010, the United Nations decided to declare 2011-2020 the UN Decade of Biodiversity.
Biodiversity is also in the viniculture the prerequisite for the preservation of the biological balance and for the protection of the environment in the nützlingschonenden Combating pests. Maintaining and promoting biodiversity is an important goal fertilization and plant protection, as in varying degrees ecological. biodynamic and Bioenergetic viticulture as well as the Perma-Culture is practiced. See also regarding the principles and the different forms of production Organic viticulture,