Form of the pest Management without the use of chemistry, in the different forms of production of the winemaking (principles and general information are in the keyword Organic viticulture whose study is also recommended as an introduction to the complex topic). Biological crop protection has great importance in Integrated pest management where biological, chemical and physical measures are combined, and also in organic farming, where chemical action is not allowed. The time of conventional crop protection with massive use of chemical toxins ( pesticides ) is finally over and belongs to the past.
The protection against harmful organisms and other destructive influences should be ecosystem Do not disturb and without toxic substances (poison) done. Thereby the needs of ground. climate, Plants and animals. The environment is thereby protected as much as possible, the biological balance is not disturbed and the biodiversity (Biodiversity) guaranteed. The focus is on preventive protection before any action is taken. In principle, harmful organisms should not be eradicated in order not to kill unwanted and counterproductive beneficial creatures, but to control their populations so that they remain below the damage threshold. A pest may also be important in the cycle of nature.
The oldest form was and is the manual collection of visible pests and the removal of damaged plant parts. Another effective preventive measure is the cultivation of against pests and diseases resistant Plants. These include, for example, the use of fungi-resistant PIWI varieties and also the finishing of vines. As an alternative for pesticides become harmful organisms beneficials specifically used or promoted, destroy as predators or parasites, the pests. These include, for example, insects like ladybug and lacewings and also nematodes (Roundworms).
Furthermore, there are manual, mechanical and technical measures for the preventive protection of plants. These include animal traps such as glue rings on the trunk, beer traps or pheromone traps (using disrupter ), Protections such as worm fences and bird nets, acoustic / optical devices for the displacement of Schad birds as Klapotetz. scarecrows, Stanniolstreifen or shooting devices, as well antifreeze, Fertilization takes place with organic substances (plant mulch. compost ) or. greening (Green manure) with largely avoiding easily soluble mineral fertilizers. To serve care Plant strengtheners,