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The winery was built in 1840 two kilometers south of the city of Montalcino in the Italian region Tuscany founded by Clemente Santi (1795-1885). The name "Il Greppo" comes from the steep slopes on the site. The founding daughter Caterina Santi and Jacopo Biondi continued to expand the winery. Their son Ferruccio Biondi-Santi (1848-1916) continued the efforts already begun by his grandfather to select high quality Sangiovese vines. He finally created the Sangiovese variety Brunello and produced in 1888 for the first time a dry red wine in the manner of Barolo who later became DOCG red wine Brunello di Montalcino became famous.

Until after the Second World War, this was produced exclusively by the home Biondi-Santi commercial. Ferruccio introduced an extremely sophisticated cellar technology for the Riserva version, which was consistently continued by his son Tancredi. The outstanding Brunello Riserva vintages from at least 25-year-old vines were produced with a long fermentation period and five to six years of barrel aging. In the first 57 years, these only existed in 1888, 1891, 1925 and 1945. The well-known wine author Burton Anderson was inspired by a visit to the winery for writing about wine. He published in 1988 the book: "Biondi Santi: the family that created Brunello di Montalcino".

The vineyards cover 18 hectares, which are planted exclusively with the red variety Brunello (a Sangiovese variety). Every year, around 70,000 bottles are produced. The still available first Brunello-vintages 1888 and 1891, as well as the outstanding vintages 1945, 1955, 1964, 1971, 1975, 1982, 1983 and 1990 are offered at true fantasy prices. The winery is one of the few Brunello producers to offer the special service of Ricolmatura (Beifüllung) by the best vintages after ten years and longer in the bottles refilled and recorked. In 1988 it was converted into a stock corporation, but in which descendants of the family are still responsible. The management of the company was handed over at the end of the 1990s by Franco Biondi-Santi to his son Jacopo.

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