After years of negotiations between the member states, the SCOF (Standing Committee on Organic Farming) established one in February 2012 EU Regulation with precise rules for vineyards and cellars for the production of organic wine. Until then, organic winegrowers on label only state "wine from grapes from organic and ecological cultivation", since there were no production rules for the vinification of organic wines. However, this designation is no longer permissible. Wines produced according to the new rules can now be referred to as "ecological wine", "ecological wine", "organic wine" or "wine from organic cultivation". The production of organic wine is therefore directly related to a certified one Organic (ecological) viticulture,
The prerequisite is compliance with the guidelines for vineyard management and the vinification of the wines according to the organic wine guidelines according to the EU Organic Regulation and the resulting certification as an organic farm by one of the state-approved bio respectively. Inspection bodies, If necessary, a voluntary membership in one of the many organic associations such as Bioland. DEMETER or ECOVIN which usually add even stricter requirements. However, membership in one of these associations is not absolutely necessary. There are also controls for this in accordance with association guidelines, but these are generally carried out by the organic / organic inspection bodies. A sole association certification is not possible without the mandatory state EU organic certification.
The certification also determines the vineyards permitted for the production of organic wine. This means that the winemaker can also cultivate other areas that are not permitted for organic wine (however, individual organic associations exclude this). An organic company can also not market wines made according to organic rules. This can be caused by difficult weather conditions if the strict restrictions are not possible. Should be the legal maximum for an organic wine sulfur dioxide exceeded, but within the limit for conventional wine, it is allowed to market the wine as "normal" wine. Of course, no organic information may appear on the label. There are also organic farms that produce wines conventionally. These must be processed and stored separately. Organic wines often also meet the criteria for Vegetarian- and possibly vegan wines. The reason for this is the economical use of certain means such as protein,
Organic wines must come from at least 95% organic production. During the vinification process, certain oenological processes and Genetic Engineering forbidden. The maximum allowable for sulfites (Salts of sulphurous acid ) are 100 mg / l im red wine (Non-organic wine 150) and up to 150 mg / l White wine (Non-organic wine 200), a deviation of 30 mg / l is permissible if the Residual sugar content is over 2 g / l. The use of sorbic acid (for preservation) is prohibited. Certain techniques are only allowed to a limited extent. B. that oxygen management and the filtration, Separate medium are only permitted for a limited time, which can be determined individually by the states or associations. In addition to the organic wine-specific requirements, the general regulations according to the Common organization of the market in wine 2009.
Organic wines are allowed to do that Biosiegel of the European Union (EU Biologo). In addition, if you are a member (but not absolutely necessary), you can also use an association logo from the numerous organic associations. An umbrella organization for organic associations in Austria Bio Austria, the counterpart for the ecological associations in Germany BÖLW (Association of Organic Food Management), where the organic associations of these two countries are also listed. Finally, it should be noted that organic wine does not automatically mean better quality, since a number of other requirements are also necessary.
All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,