After years of negotiations between the member states, in February 2012 the SCOF (Standing Committee on Organic Farming) became one EU Regulation with exact rules for vineyard and opposite now also cellars for the production of organic wine. Until then organic winegrowers could label only mention "wine of organic and organic grapes" as there were no production rules for the vinification of organic wines. This name is no longer allowed. Wines produced according to the new rules may now optionally be referred to as "organic wine", "organic wine", "organic wine" or "organic wine". The production of organic wine is therefore directly related to a certified Organic (organic) viticulture,
The prerequisite is compliance with the guidelines for the management of vineyards, as well as the vinification of the wines according to the organic wine guidelines according to the EU Organic Regulation and the resulting certification as an organic farm by one of the state-approved bio or. Inspection bodies, If necessary, voluntary membership will be provided by one of the many organic / organic associations, for example Bioland. DEMETER or ECOVIN their mostly stricter specifications added. However, membership in one of these associations is not mandatory. There are also checks in accordance with the guidelines of the association, which are usually taken over by the organic / organic inspection bodies. However, a single association certification is not possible without the compulsory state EU eco-certification.
Certification also determines the vineyards permitted for the production of organic wine. This means that the winemaker can also manage other areas that are not allowed for organic wine (but individual organic associations rule this out). However, an organic farm can not market wines made to bioregions. Cause can be difficult weather years, if the strict restrictions are not possible. Should be the legal maximum value for a organic wine sulfur dioxide but are within the limit for conventional wine, it is allowed to market the wine as a "normal" wine. Of course, no bio-note may appear on the label. There are also organic farms that produce wines conventionally. These must be processed and stored separately. Organic wines often meet the criteria for Vegetarian- and possibly vegan wines. The reason for this is the sparing use of certain means such as protein,
Organic wines must come from at least 95% organic production. In vinification are certain oenological practices and Genetic Engineering forbidden. The maximum allowable levels for sulfites (Salts of sulphurous acid ) are 100 mg / l im red wine (Non-organic wine 150) and up to 150 mg / l at White wine (Non-organic wine 200), with a deviation of 30 mg / l is allowed, if the Residual sugar content over 2 g / l. The use of sorbic acid (for the purpose of conservation) is prohibited. Certain techniques are limited, this concerns z. B. the oxygen management and the filtration, Single medium are only allowed for a limited time, which can be determined individually by the countries or associations. In addition to the bioweinspezifischen specifications, of course, the general rules in accordance with the Common Market Organization for Wine 2009.
The organic wines are allowed Biosiegel European Union (EU Biologo). In addition, with a (but not necessarily required) membership also a association logo of the numerous eco / organic associations can be used. An umbrella organization for organic associations in Austria is Bio Austria, the counterpart for the eco-federations in Germany BÖLW (Federation of organic food industry), where also the organic associations of these two countries are listed. Finally, it should be noted that organic wine does not automatically mean better quality, as there are also a number of other conditions necessary.
All aids, works and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle one finds below Weingarten Care, Complete listings of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,