The 358 meter high mountain is located in the district of Korneuburg in Lower Austria, with the southern foothills to Floridsdof, the 21st district of Wien rich. Here, viticulture is extensively operated and Bisamberg is also called Great location Are defined. Bisamberg is the only one of the four major Viennese locations on the left bank of the Danube diagonally opposite on the right bank are Leopoldsberg, Kahlenberg and Nußberg (on the latter two, there are also vineyards). The largest share of the Bisamberg belongs to the lying on Nordwestfuß eponymous municipality Bisamberg; further shares own the municipalities Langenzersdorf and Hagenbrunn (all three Weinbaugebiet Weinviertel, Lower Austria), as well as Floridsdorf with the largest Viennese wine growing place Stammersdorf with numerous this year (Wine region Wien ). To the west, the Bisamberg drops steeply to the Danube.
If not already the Illyrians (until 500 v. Chr.), Operated surely the Celts already viticulture on Bisamberg. Then the Romans came and cultivated in the province of Pannonia their brought vines. After the devastation of the peoples migration was under Charlemagne (742-814) revived viticulture. For the first time in the 12th century, a vineyard on the Bisamberg was called as around 1150/1160 a "Pertholdus of Urliugesdorf" a vineyard on "Bůsinberg" the altar of St. Mary Klosterneuburg devoted. In the 16th century, a high bloom was achieved; In 1542 the Bisamberg wine was listed among the "good mountain wines" in a contract. It was said that from a yoke Acker no man live, but one yoke Weingarten can receive a whole family. At the end of the 16th century, viticulture declined and many former vineyards became desolate and turned into forests or were turned into farmland.
Nevertheless, in the 19th century the "Bisamberg" was one of the best wines and was praised to the highest standards. The wine-growing man and pharmacist Franz Josef Schams (1780-1839) writes in his work "Complete description of all the famous vineyards of the Austrian monarchy" from 1835: "The most excellent Austrian wines thrive in the immediate vicinity of Vienna" . Amongst others, it counts the Bisamberg "wine mountain" among the best of the whole Austrian monarchy: "where the famous Bisamberg wine grows, which with those primates of the Bachus province lying on the right bank of the Danube, the Klosterneuburger, Grinzinger Weidlinger and Nussdorf are equally ranked and glorious, and according to the judgment of many a connoisseur, primus inter pares should be. " The main reason for the good quality is the optimal flysch rock for viticulture ( soil type with predominant calcareous quartz sandstone).
Today, the vineyards cover around 250 hectares in numerous vineyards. These are Auckenthal, Breiten, Bruch, Erdln, Gabrissen, Gritschen (orally "In the empty bags"), Falkenberg, In the Gern (Gernacker), In the Rothen, Herrenholz, Hochfeld, Hofbreiten, Hofmauer, Hell, Hundsleiten, Jungenberg, Kirchberg, forces, Leutl, Magdalenenhof, new additions, Praschen, Raiffel, Tagnern, Wiesthalen and Zwergbreiteln. The two vineyards Falkenberg and Wiesthalen were from the vintners' association WienWein classified as "first layers".
It will be the white wine varieties Green Valtellina, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) Riesling. Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Sylvaner. muscatel. Traminer. Neuburger. Riesling. Bouvier. Müller-Thurgau and Mixed set, as well as the red varieties Blue Burgundy ( Pinot Noir ) Blue Portuguese. St. Laurent. Zweigelt and Cabernet Sauvignon grown. Recently, in some areas, an artificial irrigation (Droplets) installed. Have vineyards on Bisamberg Bernreiter Peter. Christ Rainer. Cobenzl. Göbel Hans-Peter. Helmet Robert. Long Irene. Lentner Karl. Pfaffl Roman. Schilling Herbert. Schwarzböck. Wannemacher Josef. Wieninger and Winzerhof Leopold, as well as the "experimental estate Götzhof" as outstation of the Klosterneuburger Weinbauinstitutes,