The 358 meter high mountain is located in the Korneuburg district in Lower Austria, with the southern foothills to Floridsdof, the 21st district of Wien pass. Winegrowing is practiced here on a large scale and Bisamberg is also known as Great location Are defined. Bisamberg is the only one of Vienna's four major locations on the left bank of the Danube, diagonally opposite on the right bank are Leopoldsberg, Kahlenberg and Nußberg (There are also vineyards on the latter two). The largest part of the Bisamberg belongs to the municipality of the same name Bisamberg located at the northwest foot; the municipalities of Langenzersdorf and Hagenbrunn (all three wine-growing regions Weinviertel, Lower Austria), as well as Floridsdorf with the largest Viennese wine-growing town Stammersdorf with numerous this year (Wine region Wien ). To the west, the Bisamberg drops steeply to the Danube.
If not the Illyrians (up to 500 BC), they certainly operated Celts already wine growing on the Bisamberg. Then the Romans came and cultivated their vines they had brought with them in the province of Pannonia. After the devastation of the Migration Period was under Charlemagne (742–814) the viticulture revived. A vineyard on Bisamberg was first mentioned in the 12th century, when around 1150/1160 a “Pertholdus von Urliugesdorf” assigned a vineyard on “Bůsinberg” to the altar of St. Maria Klosterneuburg devoted. A heyday came in the 16th century; In 1542 the Bisamberger wine was listed in a contract among the "good mountain wines". It was said that no person lives from a yoke field, but one yoke Weingarten can receive an entire family. Towards the end of the 16th century, viticulture declined and many former vineyards became deserted and turned into forests or arable land.
Nevertheless, the "Bisamberger" was one of the best wines in the 19th century and was highly praised. The winegrower and pharmacist Franz Josef Schams (1780-1839) wrote in his work "Complete description of all famous wine mountains of the Austrian monarchy" from 1835: "The most excellent Austrian wines thrive in the immediate vicinity of Vienna" . Among other things, he counts the Bisamberger "Weingebirge" to the best of the entire Austrian monarchy: "where the famous Bisamberger wine grows, which is associated with those primates of the Bachus province on the right bank of the Danube, the Klosterneuburger, Grinzinger , Weidlinger and Nußdorfer are of the same rank and fame, according to the judgment of some connoisseurs that primus inter pares should be. " The main reason for the good quality is the optimal flysch rock for winegrowing ( soil type with predominant, calcareous quartz sandstone).
Today, the vineyards cover around 250 hectares in numerous vineyards. These are Auckenthal, Breiten, Bruch, Erdln, Gabrissen, Gritschen (orally "In the empty bags"), Falkenberg, In the Gernen (Gernäcker), In the Rothen, Herrenholz, Hochfeld, Hofbreiten, Hofmauer, Hölle, Hundsleiten, Jungsberg, Kirchberg, Kraft, Leutl, Magdalenenhof, new sets, Praschen, Raiffel, Tagnern, Wiesthalen and Zwergbreiteln. The two vineyards Falkenberg and Wiesthalen were from the winegrowers' association WienWein classified as "first layers".
It will be the white varieties Green Valtellina, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) Riesling. Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Sylvaner. muscatel. Traminer. Neuburger. Riesling. Bouvier. Müller-Thurgau and Mixed sentence, as well as the red wine varieties Blauer Burgunder ( Pinot Noir ) Blue Portuguese. St. Laurent. Zweigelt and Cabernet Sauvignon grown. Recently an artificial one was created in some areas irrigation (Droplet) installed. Vineyards on the Bisamberg Bernreiter Peter. Christ Rainer. Cobenzl. Goebel Hans-Peter. Robert helmet. Long Irene. Lentner Karl. Pfaffl Roman. Schilling Herbert. Schwarzböck. Wannemacher Josef. Wieninger and Winzerhof Leopold, as well as the "Götzhof experimental estate" as the outstation of the Klosterneuburg Wine Institute,