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The antique red grape variety (also Balisca or Cocolubis) was from Pliny The older (23-79) mentioned and is named after the tribe of Bituriger, who were based in Bordeaux in the 1st century AD. Supposedly, it was imported from today's Spain there. Even before Pliny mentioned the variety also Columella (1st century BC) under the name Balisca. That for the Cabernet Franc used synonym Bidure gave rise to the unverifiable assumption that the Biturica is an ancestor. Equally dubious is that of the agronomist Lambert Joseph von Babo (1790-1862) expressed conjecture that the earlier widespread in the Palatinate argant identical. Greek native ampelographers became the indigenous strain Volitsa Mavri descendant of the Balisca (Biturica) and ancestor of the Cabernet Sauvignon supposed. But this was disproven by the now clarified parenting of Cabernet Sauvignon. See also below antique grape varieties and ancient wines,

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