This vine disease (French excoriosis) has long been known and occurs in many wine regions worldwide. She was before the mildew in Europe the most dangerous fungal disease. She may not with the of cicadas transmitted Blackwood's disease be confused. At the beginning of the 20th century, black spot disease was probably (as a side effect) accompanied by intensive control of downy mildew Bordeaux mixture curbed. The "black burner" mentioned in the middle of the 19th century is probably due to the same symptoms due to the symptoms. Which in some sources referred to as identical anthracnose Although similar symptoms, but by another mushroom (Elsinoe ampelina) caused. The Schwarzflecken disease was first described in 1965 in Germany Having been in the country a few years before palatinate had occurred. It is caused by the fungus "Phomopsis viticola", which is why it is also called "Phomopsis type 2". The found in Australia "Phomopsis type 1" is for the grapevine dangerous.
The infection occurs in abundant rainfall at the time of sprouting, the fungus nestles in the wood and in the bark. Spores can be caused by insects mites be transmitted. A few weeks after the infestation appear on the Scroll the significant eponymous small black spots, which are bordered by a yellowish yard. The leaves stop growing and wither. Later also show the shoots narrow black spots, which were subsequently rejected. The necrotic Tissue breaks and there are characteristic longitudinal cracks. The shoots fade and in winter black pustules are easily recognizable on these spots. The result is fancy buds ( eyes ) and thus weak yield, A fight in the vineyard must be preventive at the beginning of the growth cycle by protective fungicides respectively. After the infestation, the disease can hardly be contained. Certain grape varieties are particularly susceptible to the disease, including, among others Müller-Thurgau, See also a list of all the plagues at Vine enemies,
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