The red grape variety is a new breed Blue Portuguese x Blaufränkisch (which was done in 1997 DNA analysis was confirmed). It may not with the name-like varieties Pinot Noir (synonym for Pinot Noir ) or Rotburger (synonym for Zweigelt ) be confused. Synonyms are Klosterneuburg 181-2 and Zweigeltrebe 181-2. The crossing took place in 1923 by Dr. med. Fritz Zweigelt at the Klosterneuburger Weinbauinstitut (NE). The variety was crossing partner in the new breed Rathay,
The early to mid-late maturing, high yielding vine is resistant to Botrytis but prone to real mildew and stem necrosis, It produces intense, deep red wines with a velvety, Blaufränkisch like flavor, often as teinturier (Dyeing grape) are used. The variety is mainly in Austria cultivated, where she in 2009 a total of 903 hectares of vineyards. Other stocks existed in 2010 Germany (3 ha), amazingly New Zealand (5 ha) and Hungary (435 ha).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)