The appellation named after the town of the same name (also Blayais) in the region Bordeaux lies on the right bank of the estuary Gironde opposite the one in the west Médoc, Winegrowing can be traced back to Roman times here. The area is also famous for the caves Par-Non-Pair with prehistoric rock paintings, which are as important as those of Lascaux (in Southwest France ) be valid. The vineyards cover around 6,500 hectares of vineyards on mainly clayey-chalky and clayey-gravelly soils with iron-containing sandstone in the subsoil.
In 2009 the roof appellation Cotes de Bordeaux created, the red wines are now under the new appellation Blaye - Côtes de Bordeaux from the red wine varieties Merlot (70%), Cabernet Sauvignon (20%), Cabernet Franc and Malbec ( Cot ), as well as small amounts of indigenous Béquignol Noir and Prolongeau ( bouchalès ) produced. The appellation Premières Côtes de Blaye was valid until the vintage 2008 for red wines with a higher alcohol content, it was left in favor of Blaye - Côtes de Bordeaux.
The main types of white wine are Sémillon. Sauvignon Blanc. Chenin Blanc. Colombard and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ). The Blaye (also Blayais) appellation was valid until the 2008 vintage for simpler red and white wines, but was rarely used. Now it only applies to the simpler white wines. The Côtes de Blaye appellation was and still is valid for (compared to the simple ones under Blaye) better quality white wines.
Well-known wineries are Château Barbé, Château les Bertrands, Château Bourdieu, Château la Carelle, Château de Castets, Château Charron, Château Crusquet-deLagarcie, Château l'Escadre, Château du Grand-Pierre, Château Haut Bertinerie, Château Lacaussade St-Martin, Château Maine-Gazin, Château Marinier, Château Menaudat, Château les Moines, Château Peyredoulle, Château Peyreyre and Château Segonzac.