The red grape variety comes from Lower Styria (Austria-Hungary) in what is now northeast Slovenia, although the name incorrectly points to Portugal. There are over a hundred Synonyms; the most important, grouped alphabetically by country, are Autrichien, Portugais Bleu ( France ); Porthogese, Porthogese Nero, Porthogeze, Portoghese ( Italy ); Early Burgundy ( California ); Portugizac Crni ( Croatia ); Badner, Badener, Portugieser, Portugieser Blau, Vöslaner, Vöslauer ( Austria ); Português Azul ( Portugal ); Modrý Portugal, Portugalkja, Portugalské Modré ( Slovakia. Czech Republic ); Modra Portugalka, Portugalka ( Slovenia ); Kékoportó ( Hungary ).
The hypothesis of the origin of Portugal is based on a document in the municipality Gumpoldskirchen (NE). In this it is announced that the baron Vöslauer baron von Fries 1772 the variety of postage to Bad Voeslau brought. The ampelograph Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) also proposed in 1887 that the Portuguese variety Moreto do Alentejo be identical. Against the origin In any case, Portugal speaks that it is only colored in Austria game types the variety and there are also many Austrian-related synonyms. Eventually it was done through in 2016 DNA analysis parenthood Blue creeper x Sylvaner determined. In this context, the origin from northeast Slovenia was clarified.
There are some colors mutations, With the variety Grauer Portuguese (also Gray Vöslauer, Oporto szürke, Rane Sede, Sedak, Sedy Portugal and White Vöslauer) employed in the early 1920s, Dr. Fritz Zweigelt (1888-1964) and used them in the Jubiläumsrebe, The game of Green Portuguese (also Fehér Oporto, Hrustez, White Portuguese) was earlier in the Weinviertel (Lower Austria) widespread. In the Vine Museum of the Franz Winery Leth (Fels am Wagram) there are still a few vines. The third almost extinct variant is early blue Portugieser (also Lashka Modrina, Oberfelder, Vranik). In contrast, Red Portuguese is synonymous with the unrelated Croatian variety Kraljevina, Blauer Portugieser was a crossing partner of the new varieties Blauburger. Carmina. Dakapo. Heroldrebe. Jubiläumsrebe. Neronet. Portan. Schlager blood and Segalin,
The early to medium ripening, productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis. Esca and both mildews, as well as especially for the Black spots disease, It produces a ruby red, light-colored red wine with fresh acidity and hay flower aroma. These are usually intended for quick enjoyment. With reduced yield and Barrique wines with storage potential are also possible. The variety is also called table grape suitable and also serves as basic wine for sparkling wines. The champagne pioneer Robert Schlumberger (1814-1879) made the first Austrian sparkling wine from it in Bad Vöslau (Lower Austria) in 1846 ( Blanc de noirs ).
From Austria, the variety spread to other countries and came through the German wine pioneer Johann Philipp Bronner (1792-1864) also after in 1840 Germany, Here it was the third most common red vine in 2009 with 4,202 hectares. Above all, it is in the two growing areas palatinate and Rheinhessen common. Much of it becomes Portuguese Weißherbst processed. In Austria it only occupied 1,622 hectares of vineyards in 2009, with a downward trend. In Hungary 2010 were mainly in the areas Villány and Kunság 1,216 hectares planted. There were further stocks in 2010 Chile (2 ha), Croatia (42 ha), Slovakia (92 ha), Czech Republic (622 ha) and as Early Burgundy in California, The variety occupied a total of 6,798 hectares of vineyards in 2010. That is worldwide varieties ranking the rank 94.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)