The red variety comes from Austria, Synonyms are Blauer Kracher, Blauer Kräutler, Melbertraube, Schilcher, Schilcher grape, Schlehenblauer and Wildbacher. About the ancestry There are different versions. After a little believable hypothesis should already Celts 400 BC In the area of today Styria have pressed a wine from the wild vine. In the 19th century, some ampelographers were suspected of being directly from Wild vines was domesticated. The Ampelograph Franz Xaver Debris (1800-1858) again in 1841 the bird grape as an ancestor. According to 2009 were made DNA analysis comes from a (natural) cross between Heunisch ( Gouais blanc ) and a wild vine. It was also found that the almost extinct game Spätblauer Wildbacher a Parent-offspring relationship consists. One in the German growing area Hessian mountain road discovered variety called Willenbacher is not identical.
Documented is Blue Wildbacher since the 16th century. So it becomes for example in 1580 published famous wine book of Johann quickly (1540-1612) mentioned. The main name derives from the place Wildbach at Deutschlandsberg in Styria. Here it was classified in 1841 for the first time. From the year 1850, the selection and distribution of the Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) promoted. With the help of his manager Anton Neuhold, he was the first Schilcher grabs school of the West Styria build. He allowed the variety over eight yoke (about 4.5 acres) create vineyards. By the phylloxera but until the end of the 19th century most of it was destroyed.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the revival of the highly endangered variety took place. The Styrian winemaker Josef Puchas led in the community Stainz belonging to Riede Angel Weingarten from the year 1913 on the conversion of the torrent to rain-resistant documents. The late-ripening vine makes no great claim to soils. It produces fresh, spicy rosé and red wines with strong acidity and Nesselaromen. Today, it is distributed exclusively in Styria and occupied a total of 459 hectares in 2015. Here is the name-protected local specialty Schilcher made of it. The wine is mostly matured as rosé but also as red wine. On three hectares, the variety is also in the Italian region Veneto cultured.
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)