The red grape variety comes from Austria, Synonyms are Blauer Kracher, Blauer Kräutler, Melbertraube, Schilcher, Schilchertraube, Schlehenblauer and Wildbacher. About the origin there are different versions. According to a less than credible hypothesis, the Celts 400 BC BC in the area of today Styria made a wine from the wild vine. In the 19th century, some ampelographers suspected that they were made directly by Wild vines was domesticated. The ampelographer Franz Xaver Debris (1800-1858) in turn determined the 1841 bird grape as ancestors. According to 2009 DNA analysis it comes from a (natural) cross between Heunisch ( Gouais Blanc ) and a wild vine. It was also found that for the almost extinct variety Spätblauer Wildbacher a Parent-offspring relationship consists. One in the German growing area Hessian mountain road discovered variety called Willenbacher is not identical.
Blauer Wildbacher has been documented since the 16th century. For example, it becomes Johann's famous wine book published in 1580 quickly (1540-1612) mentioned. The main name derives from the place Wildbach near Deutschlandsberg in Styria. Here it was classified for the first time in 1841. From 1850 the selection and distribution was carried out by the Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859). With the help of his administrator Anton Neuhold, he was able to run the first Schilcherrebenschule der West Styria build. He had the variety created over eight yokes (around 4.5 hectares) in vineyards. Through the phylloxera however, most of it was destroyed by the end of the 19th century.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the highly endangered variety was revived. The Styrian winemaker Josef Puchas led to the community Stainz belonging reindeer Angel Weingarten from 1913 the conversion of the Wildbacher to phylloxera-resistant documents. The late-ripening vine is not very demanding on soils. It produces fresh, spicy rosé and red wines with strong acidity and nettle aromas. Today it is widespread only in Styria and in 2015 occupied 459 hectares. Here is the name-protected local specialty Schilcher pressed from it. The wine is mostly aged as rosé but also as red wine. The variety is also grown in the Italian region on three hectares Veneto cultured.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)