The red grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Bobal Noir, Carignan d'Espagne, Carignan d'Espagne à Fronton, Carignan Espagnol, Espagnol, Folle Blanche du Minervois, Provechón, Terret d'Espagna, Terret d'Espagne ( France ); Balau, Balauro, Benicarló, Bobos, Coreana, Moravio, Pobretón, Prunelar, Rageno, Rajeno, Requena, Requenera, Requeno, Tinta Madrid, Tinto de Requena, Tinto de Zurra, Tonto de Zurra, Valenciana, Valenciana Tinta, Valenciana Tinto, Vinater , Vinate Tinto ( Spain ).
The parentage is unknown. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Graciano. mazuelo. Monastrell. Moravia Agria or Prunelard be confused. There is no connection to the white variety Alcañón (Bobal Blanca). About a possible relationship with the white variety Tortosina (Bobal Blanco) nothing is known.
The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis and real ones mildew, but extremely resistant to drought and drought, It produces deep dark, rather low alcohol, acidic and rustic red wines, which are mainly used as blends with the Monastrell variety for the production of bulk wines. The variety is particularly in the regions in the central east of the country La Mancha and Valencia the predominant variety where it is in the DO areas manchuela. Ribera del Jucar and Requena is allowed. It is also used for the production of red wines Doble pasta, as teinturier (Color intensifier) can also be exported. The grape is often too RTK (Rectified concentrated grape must) processed. The variety is cultivated exclusively in Spain, where in 2010 it occupied a total of 80,120 hectares with a strongly decreasing tendency (in 2000 there were 106,149 hectares). It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 12.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012