The red grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Bobal Noir, Carignan d'Espagne, Carignan d'Espagne à Fronton, Carignan Espagnol, Espagnol, Folle Blanche du Minervois, Provechon, Terret d'Espagna, Terret d'Espagne ( France ); Ballo, Balauro, Benicarló, Bobos, Coreana, Moravio, Pobretón, Prunelar, Rageno, Rajeno, Requena, Requenera, Requeno, Tinta Madrid, Tinto de Requena, Tinto de Zurra, Tonto de Zurra, Valenciana, Valenciana Tinta, Valenciana Tinto, Vinater , Vinate Tinto ( Spain ).
The parentage is unknown. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Graciano. mazuelo. Monastrell. Moravia Agria or Prunelard be confused. There is no connection to the white variety Alcañón (Bobal Blanca). About a possible family relationship with the white species Tortosina (Bobal Blanco) is not known.
The medium to late ripening vine is prone to Botrytis and real mildew, but extremely resistant to dryness and drought, It produces deep-dark, rather alcohol-rich, acidic and rustic red wines, which are mainly used as a blend often with the variety Monastrell for the production of bulk wines. The species is especially in the central east of the country in the regions La Mancha and Valencia the predominant variety, where they are in the DO areas manchuela. Ribera del Júcar and Requena is allowed. It also serves for the production of red wines by means of Doble pasta, as teinturier (Color enhancers) can also be exported. Of the grape is also often too RTK (Rectified concentrated grape must) processed. The variety is cultivated exclusively in Spain, where it fell in 2010 with a total of 80,120 hectares with a strong declining trend (in 2000 there were still 106,149 hectares). It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 12th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012