Term for the flat and bulbous bottle shape (in brown or green color) in the German growing area Franconia, It has been used here for at least 250 years, which is considered the "birth house" Bürgerspital in Würzburg, This is to give the Franconian wine an unmistakable identity and protect it from counterfeiting. According to a Würzburg document from 1728, it is intended to serve as a "control of any commercial misuse" . The name is derived either from "bulbous dig" or from "Booksbüdel" (a previously used bag for the prayer book). After a nice anecdote, some winegrowers are said to be Benedictine Got bottles that fit exactly in her prayer book bags. In this way, they were able to fortify themselves with the divine drink without being suspected of being “withdrawn to prayer”.
According to the most frequently cited variant, the name is derived from the billy goat's scrotum. The local historian Johann Baptist Sartorius, born in Würzburg, explained in his work "Die Mundart der Stadt Würzburg", which was published in 1862, what a buck bag is, namely "a squeezed, round bottle, shaped like the bag or scrotum of the buck, for filling and shipping of the stone wine ” . Another indication of this is that in the Middle Ages, goatskin was used to make field bottles in which the people of the country carried their wine (or schnapps) with them. This is shown in a drawing by Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528).
The volume of a Bocksbasche bottle is usually the conventional quality wine bottle size of 0.75 liters. However, there are also those with 0.25 liters, as well as in the Magnum size of 1.5 and double magnum size with 3 liters. In the wine-growing region Franconia, the proportion of Bocksbasche bottles is over 40% of the wines, there is also a wine route named after it. According to German wine law, the protected Bocksbbeutel bottle may only be used in precisely geographically defined areas exclusively for quality and premium wines (not for wine or country wine). This is the entire growing area Franconia, as well as in the growing area to bathe the area Tauberfranken and the four municipalities of Neuweier, Steinbach, Umweg and Varnhalt in the Ortenau area.
Bottled bag-like bottles are also used in Greece for the Agioritikos as well as on the islands Kefallonia and Paros, in France for the Armagnac, for the rosé wine Mateus in Portugal (here called Cantil), for some DOC wines South-Tirol (Bozner Leiten, Eisacktaler, St. Magdalener, Südtiroler, Terlaner), for the Moscato Trentino, for the Greco di Bianco (Calabria), as well as from the winery Undurraga in Chile. There are also special Bocksbasche coolers made in the appropriate form. The main disadvantage is the poor storage / stacking option. See lists below bottles and wine vessels,