As in Argentina
Viticulture in Bolivia was founded by Spanish missionaries. Between 1550 and 1570 Augustinian monks came to the region "Hochperu", which at that time counted today's Bolivia. From the north came in this way, the viticulture in the southern part to Chupuisaca, Potosi and about 1600 by missionaries for viticulture tarija opened, which is still today the most important wine-growing region. The mountainous landscape makes viticulture difficult. One third of the land area is located in the Andes between 3,000 and 4,000 meters above sea level. The climate is partly tropical
, but is tempered by the high altitude. Rainfall in the first few months of the year fungal diseases
, Climate is an artificial irrigation
what the dam San Jacinto is used for.
Until the early 1960s, traditional cultivation methods were practiced. The vines are raised on pepper trees and cultivated in a row culture between the trees. The mid-1970s began in Tarija, the construction of large wine and wine cellars. But with imported from Argentina vine material was also the phylloxera
introduced, which caused great devastation. In 1986, a development program began in cooperation with the United Nations. The viticulture center "Centro Vitivinicola de Tarija" (CEVITA) was built, planted a documentation and Vitis-Vinifera varieties and installed laboratory and cellar rooms.
In 2012, the vineyards covered 5,000 hectares. Of these, 73,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see below Wine production volumes
). By far the dominant grape variety is Moscatel (80%) ( Muscat d'Alexandrie
), others are Cabernet Sauvignon
. Cabernet Franc
. Criolla varieties
. Chenin Blanc
, Malbec ( Cot
(?). From the bulk of the area will be table grapes
produced. Another specialty appreciated in other South American countries is the brandy produced in the Cinti Valley singani
(similar to Pisco
from Peru), which was already produced by the Augustinian monks.
The most important winegrowing area is the historical area Tarija in Valle Central. The most important Bolivian winery Bodegas y Viñedos de La Concepción near the Argentine border grows vines between 1,700 and 2,100 meters above sea level. Vineyards in Toropalca with Criolla vines, which are purchased from this winery, are even located at 2,850 meters above sea level. These are among the highest vineyards
of the world. Other wine-growing areas are in the Chuquisaca province in the Cinti Valley and around the city of Camargo with vineyards up to 2,500 meters above sea level, in the province of La Paz near Carito and Luribay, and in the province of Santa Cruz.