The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Balsamina, Bonarda, Bonarda dell'Astigiano, Bonarda dell Monferrato, Bonarda di Asti, Bonarda di Chieri, Bonarda di Piemonte, Bonarda di Pyemont, Bonarda du Piedmont, Bonarda Nero and Driola. The name Bonarda (see there) is used in northern Italy for numerous independent varieties. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological Bonarda Piemontese should not be similar to the varieties Croatina. Douce Noire (grown in Argentina under the name Bonarda), Neretta Cuneese. Neretto Duro. Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso or Uva Rara be confused.
The vine is well resistant to various vine diseases. It produces brightly colored, alcohol-rich but low-acid red wines with a floral aroma. The variety is in the region Piedmont grown and is there in the DOC wines Collina Torinese. Colline Novaresi. Colli Tortonesi. Monferrato. Piemonte and Pinerolese authorized. In Lombardy, there is confusion in the area Oltrepò Pavese a wine called Bonarda with the main part of the variety Croatina. The acreage in 2001 was 218 hectares (ex Wine Grapes). In the statistics of Kym Anderson In 2010 no strain of this name was expelled (?).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service