The former too Yugoslavia counting state Bosna i Hercegovina became self-employed in 1992. Organized viticulture began under the rule of the Habsburgs in the late 19th century. In 1886 the wine and fruit growing office was founded in Gnojnice. The wines were very popular at the Wiener Hof, which is why these vineyards are still called "imperial vineyards". There is a temperate continental climate with hot summers and dry cold winters.
In 2012, the vineyards covered 6,000 hectares, of which 56,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. These are located on the coast and north of Dubrovnik (Croatia) mainly around the cities of Citluk, Caoljina, Stolac and Mostar. The dominant varieties in terms of quantity are the two indigenous Žilavka (white with 60%) and Blatina (red with 35%). The remaining varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Krkosija. Plavac Mali and Syrah, The most famous area is Mostar (German Old Bridge), which was formerly the Islamic wine center of Herzegovina. However, it was almost completely destroyed in the civil war of the 1990s.
The main wineries and producers are Hercegovina Vino, Podrum Andrija, Stolac, Vinarija Ljubuski and Vinarija Zadro. A well-known wine is "Kameno Vino", which comes from an artificially irrigated vineyard in the desert-like Neretwa valley. The specialty "Samotok" is one without pressing from the run juice pressed light red wine. The wines are classified by organoleptic assessments with a 20-point system and analytical tests, In the three-tier system, wines with a geographical origin must achieve at least 14 points, quality wines with a geographical origin at least 16 and top qualities at least 18 points.