The former too Yugoslavia The state of Bosna i Hercegovina became independent in 1992. An organized viticulture began under the rule of the Habsburgs at the end of the 19th century. In 1886, the Wine and Fruit Bureau was founded in Gnojnice. The wines were very popular at the Viennese court, therefore one calls these vineyards today still "imperial vineyards". It has a temperate continental climate with hot summers and dry winters.
In 2012, the vineyards covered 6,000 hectares, of which 56,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. These are located on the coast and north of Dubrovnik (Croatia) mainly around the cities of Citluk, Caoljina, Stolac and Mostar. The most important varieties are the two indigenous ones Žilavka (knows with 60%) and Blatina (red with 35%). The remaining varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Plavac Mali and Syrah, The most famous area is Mostar (Old Bridge), which used to be the Muslim heart of Herzegovina. In the civil war of the 1990s, however, it has been almost completely destroyed.
The most important wineries and producers are Hercegovina Vino, Podrum Andrija, Stolac, Vinarija Ljubuski and Vinarija Zadro. A well-known wine is "Kameno Vino", which comes from an artificially irrigated vineyard in the desert-like Neretwa Valley. The specialty "Samotok" is one without pressing from the run juice pressed bright red wine. The classification of wines is made by organoleptic reviews with 20-point system and analytical tests, In the three-stage system, wines with a geographical origin must reach at least 14, quality wines with a geographical origin at least 16 and top qualities at least 18 points.