The white grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Asprokondura, Blanquette, Blanquette Menue, Bourboulenco, Bourbouleng, Bourboulenque, Bourbounenco, Clairete Dorée à Paulhan, Clairette à Grains Ronds, Clairette Dorée, Doucillon, Malvoisie, Ondenc and Picardan. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Clairette. Ondenc. Picardan or Roussette (Roussaou) can be confused. Genetic or historical evidence is missing for a suspected Greek ancestry. According to 2004 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Gouais Blanc (Heunisch) x unknown partner. However, this is based on only 14 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The variety was a cross partner of the new breed Clairette Dorée Ganzin,
The very old variety was first introduced in 1515 as Borbolenques in what is now the department Vaucluse in the Provence and mentioned in 1538 as Borbollenque near Avignon. The name is probably derived from a vineyard called Barbolenquiera near Avignon. The late maturing variety is susceptible to real ones mildew but resistant to drought or drought and Botrytis, It produces acidic white wines with moderate alcohol and aromas of citrus fruits, which are mainly used for blends.
The variety is grown in the south of France in the regions Provence. Languedoc-Roussillon and Rhone grown. Among other things, it is in the appellations Bandol. Cassis (there Doucillon), Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Corbières. Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence. Cotes du Rhone. Faugères. Grignan-les-Adhémar. Languedoc. Lirac. Luberon. Minervois. Saint-Chinian. Tavel. Vacqueyras and Ventoux authorized. In 2010, a total of 583 hectares with a declining trend were registered in France (ten years earlier it was 772 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)