The white grape comes from France, Synonyms include Asprokondura, Blanquette, Blanquette Menue, Bourboulenco, Bourbouleng, Bourboulenque, Bourbounenco, Clairete Dorée à Paulhan, Clairette à Grains Ronds, Clairette Dorée, Doucillon, Malvoisie, Ondenc and Picardan. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Clairette. Ondenc. Picardan or Roussette (Roussaou) be confused. For a suspected Greek descent missing genetic or historical evidence. According to done in 2004 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Gouais blanc (Heunisch) x unknown partner. However, this is based on only 14 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The variety was crossing partner of the new breed Clairette Dorée Ganzin,
The very old variety was first mentioned in 1515 as Borbolenques in today's département Vaucluse in the Provence and mentioned in 1538 as Borbollenque near Avignon. The name probably derives from a vineyard called Barbolenquiera near Avignon. The late ripening variety is prone to genuine ones mildew, but resistant to drought or drought and Botrytis, It produces acidic white wines with moderate alcohol content and citrus aromas, which are mainly used for blending.
The variety is in southern France in the regions Provence. Languedoc-Roussillon and Rhone grown. She is among other things in the appellations Bandol. Cassis (there Doucillon), Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Corbières. Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence. Côtes du Rhône. Faugères. Grignan-les-Adhémar. Languedoc. Lirac. Luberon. Minervois. Saint-Chinian. Tavel. Vacqueyras and Ventoux authorized. In 2010, a total of 583 hectares were reported in France with a decreasing trend (ten years earlier, 772 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)