The Mark Brandenburg was a territory founded in 1157 in the Holy Roman Empire. Through the development to the Electorate of Brandenburg since the end of the 12th century, she played a significant role in German history. In 1701, the new state of Prussia emerged and Brandenburg became a province. By the founding of the GDR in 1949, Brandenburg became part of the new state, but the part east of the Oder-Neisse line was completed Poland, After reunification in 1990, the state of Brandenburg in the northeast of Germany with the capital Potsdam. Brandenburg encloses the German capital in its center Berlin and forms with this the European metropolitan region Berlin / Brandenburg.
In the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic church with especially the Cistercian monasteries a promoter of wine culture. Under the Prussian king Frederick II (1712-1786) was founded in 1769 on the southern slope of the Klausberg in the Park Sanssouci in Potsdam, a nursery and planted with fruit and grape varieties. The fruit or vineyard was in six wide terraces structured with retaining walls and was planted with foreign fruit and grape varieties. The yield but fell short of expectations. After a 140-year slumber, the " Royal vineyard "Reopened to the public after a seven-month restoration in 2004. In 1928, Dr. Erwin Baur (1875-1933 the Department of Vines breeding in Müncheberg as a branch office of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (KWI) for breeding research (predecessor of today's Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne).
The vineyards of the municipalities Burkersdorf, Luckau, Neuzelle and Schenkendöbern are part of the growing area Saxony and a few hectares in Werder on the Havel are part of the growing area Saale-Unstrut, The Werderaner Wachtelberg at 52 degrees 23 minutes north latitude is the northernmost vineyard in terms of quality viticulture. In the rest of the area, the wines are only allowed as Brandenburger country wine be marketed. The vineyards cover only about 30 hectares of vineyards, of which 95% in the southern parts of the country and in Werder / Havel concentrate. The most important red wines are Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) regent. St. Laurent. Dornfelder, Trollinger ( Schiava Grossa ) Cabernet Cortis. Acolon and Domina, the most important white varieties Müller-Thurgau. Bacchus. Cabernet Blanc. Phoenix. Johanniter. Sauvignon Blanc. muscatel. Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Gris ( Pinot gris ) Riesling. Sauvignon Gris. Solaris. Phoenix and Kerner,