The Mark Brandenburg was a territory founded in 1157 in the Holy Roman Empire. Due to the development to the Electorate of Brandenburg since the end of the 12th century, it played an important role in German history. In 1701 the new state of Prussia emerged and Brandenburg became a province. With the founding of the GDR in 1949, Brandenburg became part of the new state, but the part east of the Oder-Neisse line fell Poland, After reunification, the federal state of Brandenburg was founded in the northeast of 1990 Germany with the capital Potsdam. Brandenburg surrounds the German capital at its center Berlin and forms with it the European metropolitan region Berlin / Brandenburg.
In the Middle Ages the Roman Catholic was church with especially the Cistercian monasteries a promoter of wine culture. Under the Prussian king Frederick II (1712-1786) In 1769 a nursery was created on the southern slope of the Klausberg in Sanssouci Park in Potsdam and planted with fruit and grape varieties. The orchard or vineyard was in six broad terraces structured with retaining walls and planted with foreign fruit and grape varieties. The yield however, fell short of expectations. After a 140-year sleep, the " Royal vineyard “Opened to the public again in 2004 after a seven-month restoration. In 1928, Dr. Erwin Baur (1875-1933 the Department of Vines breeding in Müncheberg as a branch of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (KWI) for breeding research (predecessor of today's Max Planck Institute for Breeding Research in Cologne).
The vineyards of the municipalities Burkersdorf, Luckau, Neuzelle and Schenkendöbern are part of the cultivation area Saxony and a few hectares in Werder an der Havel are part of the growing area Saale-Unstrut, The Werderaner Wachtelberg at 52 degrees 23 minutes north latitude northernmost vineyard regarding quality viticulture. In the rest of the area, the wines are only allowed to be branded in Brandenburg country wine be marketed. The vineyards cover only around 30 hectares, of which 95% are concentrated in the southern parts of the country and in Werder / Havel. The most important types of red wine are Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) regent. St. Laurent. Dornfelder, Trollinger ( Schiava Grossa ) Cabernet Cortis. Acolon and Domina, the most important types of white wine Müller-Thurgau. Bacchus. Cabernet Blanc. Phoenix. Johanniter. Sauvignon Blanc. muscatel. Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Gris ( Pinot gris ) Riesling. Sauvignon gris. Solaris. Phoenix and Kerner,