The region with the capital Ancona lies in the middle Italy on the Adriatic coast. Starting from the north, the regions border Emilia-Romagna. Tuscany. Umbria. Lazio and Abruzzo on. Already the Celts and later the Etruscan operated here viticulture. In the 3rd century BC BC, the Romans conquered the area. The Roman wine author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned the antique wine Praetutium from Ancona. Allegedly, the Visigothic king Alaric (370-410) on the train against Rome his troops with the white wine Verdicchio strengthened. The famous physician and naturalist Andrea from here Bacci (1524-1600) reported that the general Hannibal (247-183 BC) from Carthage The train against Rome revived the tired horses of his army with a large amount of Conero wine (predecessor of the DOC Rosso Conero).
The ancestors of the three famous wine-growing families come from Marken Catena Zapata (Argentina), Gallo and Mondavi (California), who emigrated to the Americas and established winegrowing empires. The vineyards cover 17,500 hectares of vineyards. The sea and the mountains of the Tuscan Apennines to the west create a cool, temperate climate with warm, dry summers. The vineyards are almost exclusively on slopes with clayey soil. Red wines and white wines are produced at 50% each.
The most important white wines of the region are Albanella ( Trebbiano Toscano ), Bianchello ( Biancame ) Chardonnay, Grechetto ( Grechetto di Orvieto ) Incrocio Bruni 54. Malvasia Bianca Lunga. Pecorino, Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ), Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ), Ribona ( Maceratino ), Riesling Italico ( Riesling ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) and Verdicchio ( Verdicchio Bianco ). The most important red wines are Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Ciliegiolo, Lacrima ( Lacrima di Morro d'Alba ) Merlot. Montepulciano. Sangiovese, Vernaccia di Pergola ( Aleatico ) and Vernaccia Nera or Vernaccia di Serrapetrona ( Garnacha Tinta ). There is only one region in the region IGT area Marche. The 20 DOC / DOCG zones are: