The colonization of the vast country in South America began in the mid-16th century by the Portuguese, who planted the first vines in 1532 in the Sao Paulo region. In 1626 the Jesuits came and cultivated Spanish vines in Grande do Sul. But after the destruction of the Jesuit missions, viticulture was abandoned. Of the oenologist Auguste de St. Hilaire had already urgently recommended in 1800 to the south on the border with Uruguay planting European grape varieties, but this was ignored for almost 200 years. Around 1840, the hybrid vine was Isabella introduced in Rio Grande region. Although this only provided simple wines, but tolerated that climate, A meaningful viticulture development gave again only from the year 1875 by Italian immigrants, which brought their native vines with. Because of the difficult climate one experimented with many grape varieties, but only after the First World War and Vinifera varieties were used. Large international multinationals started new initiatives in the 1970s, among others Bacardi-Martini. Cinzano, Heublein, Martini & Rossi. Moët et Chandon (Winery Chandon Brazil), Domecq and Seagram.
In the meantime, there are major improvements in viticulture and technology that have led to internationally acclaimed sparkling, white and red wines. Last but not least, the FIFA World Cup held in Brazil in June / July 2014 also contributed to this. The winery Lidio Carraro is with the line "Faces" official supplier of the World Cup. The red wine is designed based on a football team of 11 grape varieties. Other well-known producers are Casa Valduga, Cooperativa Vinícola Aurora, Cooperativa Vinícola Garibaldi, Domno, Miolo, Pizzato, Salton, ViniBrasil, Vinícola Basso and Vinícola Perini. Viticulture is mainly used in the more temperate, equatorferneren zones. The largest area with about 70% of the vineyards is the state of Rio Grande do Sul in the hills around Bento Gonçalves and Garribaldi. Above all, these are the areas Serra Gaúcha and Frontera . as well as in the south the origin controlled since 2007 Vale dos Vinhedos (Valley of the Vineyards). The latter was cultivated from the year 1875 by Italian and German immigrants and was therefore strongly influenced.
In the south on the border with Uruguay Large companies have settled with modern cellar technology. Other growing areas are Minas Gerais , Paraná , Pernambuco , São Paulo , Santa Caterina and Sao Francisco . Here are mostly varieties of species Vitis labrusca and hybrids cultivated. It is noteworthy that in the areas near the equator at least two grape harvests per year are possible. These are then of inferior quality. There is - even at harvest time - heavy rains. Due to the hot subtropical or tropical climate and the high humidity there is a risk of fungal diseases, Therefore, the resistant varieties of the species Vitis labrusca and hybrids based on Seibel varieties grown. Nevertheless, due to the weather, extensive fungicides be used.
The vineyard area in 2012 comprised 91,000 hectares, of which more than half will be table grapes generated. Among other things, for the new breed Italia used on around 6,000 acres. The other half produced 2.97 million hectoliters of wine. The production comprises almost half red wines, around one third white wines and just under one fifth sparkling wines. Only 15% of all wines come from Vitis vinifera varieties, this proportion corresponds approximately to the amount of 40 million liters of quality wines. The grapes have to be harvested relatively early due to climatic reasons, which is why the grapes produce acid-rich, low body wines. The alcohol-rich wines mainly from Vitis labrusca and hybrids are destined for the domestic market. Of the Blend 2010:
|Muscat Blanc / muscatel||White||-||1005|
|Couderc 13||White||Couderc, Uva Branca||834|
|Glera||White||earlier Prosecco (Prosecco Tondo)||173|
|Alicante Henri Bouschet||red||-||129|
|Malvasia Bianca di Candia||White||-||100|
|Muscat Bailey A||red||-||19|
|Malvasia Amarela?||White||see also below Malvasia||14|