DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region Tuscany, The area encompasses the slopes around the picturesque hilltop town of Montalcino, 40 kilometers south of Siena, in the province of the same name. Other DOC areas in Montalcino are Moscadello di Montalcino. Rosso di Montalcino and Sant'Antimo, The Brunello di Montalcino becomes 100 percent unmixed out Brunello one clone of the variety Sangiovese won in the 1870s at the winery Il Greppo the family Biondi-Santi was selected. A wine from it was first produced by Clemente Santi in 1865 under the name "Vino Rosso Scelto". Ferruccio Biondi-Santi - the grandson of the "inventor" - kept the selection and planted a large part of his vineyards.
In 1888 and 1891 he first pressed a wine called "Brunello" (this name was used in the 14th century). He allowed him to mature for several years in large barrels of Slavonian oak. Of these two legendary vintages, there are still a few bottles in the cellar today. The next two generations of the family (Feruccio's son Tancredi and grandson Franco) then made wine famous throughout the world. The cult status contributed to the fact that until 1945, only four vintages were produced, which were the mentioned 1888 and 1891, and 1925 and 1945. This was in addition to the outstanding quality and a reason for the exorbitantly high prices. For many decades the winery had an exclusive production privilege. Until after the Second World War, the name Brunello was used by Biondi-Santi alone.
Until the 1970s, most of the production came from this winery, because there were only 25 producers. Today, the Brunello di Montalcino is produced by around 200 wineries. In 1960, the vineyard area was only about 60 hectares, this increased to just under 700 by 1980 and to today on about 1,500 hectares. Unfortunately, this expansion also contributed to the fact that the quality bandwidth is quite large. With the also from Tuscany and equally famous red wine Vino Nobile di Montepulciano He is one of the two wines that was the first to receive the DOCG classification in Italy in 1980. The Brunello is one of the most famous red wines in Italy and also in Europe. An important aspect of quality lies in the very special climate because it is warmer and drier than in the nearby Chianti areas and the nights are cooler.
Of the alcohol content must be at least 12.5% vol, but often reaches 13.5%. The minimum maturing times have been drastically reduced in recent decades. In the early 1960s, 42 months and 3.5 years of barrel aging were still required in large Slavonian oak barrels, which was reduced to 36 in 1990 and finally to 24 months in 1998. The total maturation time in barrel and bottle must continue to be 48 months. This means that the release for trading from 1 January of the fourth (formerly sixth), at Riserva from the fifth (earlier seventh) of the year following the harvest.
If the grapes come from classified vineyards, can Vigna followed by the name of the label on the bottle label. The intense ruby red wine has one tannin Taste with aromas of exotic woods, fruits, vanilla and jam. The wine, which is still hard and inaccessible in youth, only develops after a few years of storage in the bottle. He is extremely durable, the Riserva is the highlight or the optimal maturity often only after 15 to 20 years and more achieved. As the best vintages apply in 1978, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997 and 1998.
Among the most famous producers of the Brunello di Montalcino include Abbadia Ardenga, Altesino, Argiano, Castello Banfi Barbi, Biondi-Santi, Campogiovanni, Capanna, Caparzo, Caprili, Casanova di Neri, Castelgiocondo ( Frescobaldi ), Ciacci Piccolomini d'Aragona, Col d'Orcia, Coldisole, Costanti, Ferrero, Fuligini, La Serena, Le Chiuse, Lisini, Martinozzi, Piccolomini, Pieve Santa Restituta, Poggio Antico, Poggio di Sotto, Poggione, Salvioni, Scopetone, Siro Pacenti, Talenti, Tenuta La Fuga, Tenute Silvio Nardi, Valdicava, Vasco Sassetti.