DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region Tuscany, The zone encompasses the slopes around the picturesque town of Montalcino, 40 kilometers south of Siena in the province of the same name. Other DOC areas in Montalcino are Moscadello di Montalcino. Rosso di Montalcino and Sant'Antimo, The Brunello di Montalcino is 100 percent unmixed out Brunello, one clone of the variety Sangiovese won the family at the Il Greppo winery in the 1870s Biondi-Santi was selected. A wine made from it was first produced by Clemente Santi in 1865 under the name "Vino Rosso Scelto". Ferruccio Biondi-Santi - the grandson of the "inventor" - continued the selection and thus planted a large part of his vineyards.
In 1888 and 1891 he made the first wine known as "Brunello" (this name was used in the 14th century). He aged it for several years in large Slavonian oak barrels. Of these two legendary vintages, there are still a few bottles left in the cellar. The next two generations of the family (Feruccio's son Tancredi and grandson Franco) then made the wine famous all over the world. The fact that only four vintages were produced up to 1945 contributed to the cult status, that was the mentioned 1888 and 1891, as well as 1925 and 1945. In addition to the outstanding quality, this was also a reason for the exorbitantly high prices. The winery had an exclusive production privilege for many decades. Until after the Second World War, the name Brunello was used solely by Biondi-Santi.
Until the 1970s, the majority of the production came from this winery, because there were only 25 producers. Today the Brunello di Montalcino is produced by around 200 wineries. In 1960 the area under vines was only around 60 hectares, this increased to almost 700 by 1980 and to today around 1,500 hectares. Unfortunately, this expansion also contributed to the fact that the quality range is quite large. With the equally famous red wine from Tuscany Vino Nobile di Montepulciano it is one of the two wines that were the first in Italy to receive the DOCG classification in 1980. Brunello is one of the most famous red wines in Italy and Europe. An important aspect of quality is something very special climate, because it is warmer and drier than in the nearby Chianti areas and the nights are cooler.
The alcohol content must be at least 12.5% vol, but 13.5% is often reached. The minimum ripening times have been drastically reduced in recent decades. At the beginning of the 1960s, 42 months or 3.5 years of barrel aging in large Slavonian oak barrels were still required, which was reduced to 36 months in 1990 and finally to 24 months in 1998. The total maturation time in barrel and bottle must still be 48 months. This means that the approval for trading from January 1st of the fourth (formerly sixth), at Riserva from the fifth (previously the seventh) of the year following the harvest.
If the grapes come from classified vineyards, can Vigna followed by the location name on the bottle label. The intense ruby red wine has one tannin Taste with aromas of exotic woods, fruits, vanilla and jam. The wine, which was still hard and inaccessible in youth, only developed after a few years in the bottle. It is extremely durable, with the Riserva it becomes the climax or the optimal one maturity often only reached after 15 to 20 years and more. As the best vintages apply to 1978, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997 and 1998.
The best-known producers of Brunello di Montalcino include Abbadia Ardenga, Altesino, Argiano, Castello Banfi Barbi Biondi-Santi Campogiovanni Capanna, Caparzo, Caprili, Casanova di Neri, Castelgiocondo ( Frescobaldi ), Ciacci Piccolomini d'Aragona, Col d'Orcia, Coldisole, Costanti, Ferrero, Fuligini, La Serena, Le Chiuse, Lisini, Martinozzi, Piccolomini, Pieve Santa Restituta, Poggio Antico, Poggio di Sotto, Poggione, Salvioni, Scopetone, Siro Pacenti, Talenti, Tenuta La Fuga, Tenute Silvio Nardi, Valdicava, Vasco Sassetti.