The DOC area (formerly Bucellas) for white wine is located north of Lisbon in the Portuguese region Estremadura, It is named after the town of the same name, where every year in October the multi-day folk festival "Festa do Vinho e das Vindímas" takes place. The vineyards cover about 200 hectares of vineyards covered with a thin layer of humus layer of limestone and crystalline limestone. The acid-stressed, storable white wine is mainly from the native variety Arinto, supplemented by Esgana Cão ( Sercial ) pressed. The mainly out Touriga Nacional pressed red wines of the area are marketed as IGP (Land Wines).
The white wine was from William Shakespeare (1544-1616) praised and in his drama Henry VI. mentioned as "Charneco" (after a village). At that time he was considered the "king of Portuguese white wines". Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), winner over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, became acquainted as a young officer with the wine in the Spanish War of Independence in 1809 and subsequently made him immensely popular in England. Due to the Riesling-like taste, he was there "Portuguese Hock "(Portuguese Rhine wine) called. However, this reputation was lost and there was only a single producer for a long time. Today it is again produced by several, for example Quinta da Romeira.