The DOC area (formerly Bucellas) for white wine is located north of Lisbon in the Portuguese region Estremadura, It is named after the municipality of the same name, where the “Festa do Vinho e das Vindímas” folk festival takes place every year in October. The vineyards cover around 200 hectares of vineyards on soils of limestone and crystalline limestone covered with a thin layer of humus. The acidic, storable white wine is mainly made from the local variety Arinto, supplemented by Esgana Cão ( Sercial ) pressed. The mainly from Touriga Nacional Pressed red wines from the area are marketed as IGP (country wines).
The white wine was made by William Shakespeare (1544-1616) praised and in his drama Heinrich VI. mentioned as "Charneco" (after a village). At that time, he was considered the "King of Portuguese white wines". Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), winner over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, as a young officer, became acquainted with wine in the Spanish War of Independence in 1809 and subsequently made it extremely popular in England. Because of its Riesling-like taste, it was named “Portuguese Hock “(Portuguese Rhine wine) called. However, this reputation was lost and for a long time there was only one producer. Today it is produced again by several, for example Quinta da Romeira.