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bud

bud (GB)
bourgeon (F)
yema (ES)
gomo (PO)
boccio (I)

See below eye,

Name (also bud) for the youthful state of a new sprout or Triebes, At the Rebstock the eye is in the leaf axils to the Nodien (Nodules) of annual shoots (hence armpit bud or axillary bud). The winter eye consists of lignified bracts, which are layered in several layers and wrap around the primary, already pre-differentiated plants of the new shoot. Already recognizable in miniature form are the drive segments of the stem axis with the laterally angled plants for leaves (Leaves), tendrils (Fasteners) and inflorescences (Gescheine). The cavities in the bud are filled with fine wool hair, so that the instinctual system during the Hibernation until the expulsion in the spring from injuries, frost and wetness is protected. In the place of the Nodien is the diaphragm (Wood bridge).

Eye (bud) - drawing and photo

Main eye and secondary eye

In addition to the main eye (attachment for main shoot) each winter bud also contains two laterally at the base of the bud floor sitting eyes (secondary eyes). These are also already pre-differentiated, but simpler in design and serve as emergency buds in an emergency. As a rule, they only drive out when the main eye or the young impulse resulting from it, is affected by external circumstances, such as frost. game browsing or insect feeding was destroyed or in the spring for example by Milbenmite...

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