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Bull Ephraim

The American farmer and the "Father of the Concord Grape" Ephraim Wales Bull (1806-1895) was born in Boston. He bought near the city of Concord in the US state Massachusetts 17 acres of land and started breeding experiments there Wild vines and other fruits. His efforts were initially unsuccessful because severe winters with frost destroyed his crops. Then, in 1843, he planted the seeds of a wild vine of the species Vitis labrusca that in the woods New England grew in abundance. From 18,000 seedlings in six years of painstaking work, he selected a single vine until 1849, which he found worthy. With this he continued to work and introduced the vine in 1853, which in 1854 the name Concord received.

Bull Ephraim - portrait and house

The vine quickly became successful and spread to the northeast of the country United States and in Canada, Around 75% of all grape varieties on the east coast today derive from this variety. The openly bloomed seedlings Cottage and ester were selected by Bull. He sold Concord vines for $ 1,000 a piece, which was an enormous amount at the time. Nevertheless, he died bitter and in poverty, on his tombstone in the Concord cemetery "Sleepy Hollow Cemetery" is the inscription "He sowed, others reaped". His farmhouse, where the vine was developed, has been preserved and is now on Concord's Lexington Street.

Bull Ephraim - shield and Concord grapes

Top left: DeadFred Genealogy Photo Archive
Top right: By unkown - Public Domain, Link
Bottom left: Bikeable assumed, Own work CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Bottom right: By Wolfgang Lendl - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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