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Bull Ephraim

The American farmer and "Father of the Concord Grape" Ephraim Wales Bull (1806-1895) was born in Boston. He bought near the city of Concord in the US state Massachusetts 17 acres of land and began breeding experiments there Wild vines and other fruits. His efforts were initially unsuccessful, as severe winters with frosts destroyed his crops. Then in 1843 he placed the kernels of a wild vine of the species Vitis labrusca who live in the woods New England massively grew. From 22,000 seedlings, he selected in six years of laborious work until 1849 a single vine, which he found worthy. With this he continued to work and presented in 1853 the vine, the 1854 the name Concord received.

Bull Ephraim - portrait and house

The vine was quickly successful and spread to the northeast of the United States and in Canada, Around 75% of all grape varieties on the east coast today come from this variety. The openly dimmed seedlings Cottage and ester were selected by Bull. He sold Concord vines for $ 1,000 a piece, which was an enormous sum at that time. Nevertheless, he died bitterly and in poverty, on his tombstone in the cemetery of Concord "Sleepy Hollow Cemetery" is the inscription "He sowed, others reaped" (He sowed, others reaped). Its farmer's home, where the vine was developed, has been preserved and is now located on Concord's Lexington Street.

Bull Ephraim - shield and Concord grapes

Picture above left: DeadFred Genealogy Photo Archive
Picture above right: By unkown - Public Domain, Link
Picture bottom left: Bikeable assumed, Own work CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Bottom right: By Wolfgang Lendl - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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