The state of Burgenland with the capital Eisenstadt is in the far east Austria, It borders on the north Slovakia, in the east Hungary, in the south to a few kilometers Slovenia and in the west to the two Austrian federal states Lower Austria and Styria, Winegrowing has been of great importance here for at least two and a half millennia, as evidenced by the regionally modified saying "Extra Pannoniam non es vita; si est vita, non est ita ”is underlined (you cannot live outside of Pannonia; if you can live, then not as here). The place Zagersdorf counts alongside Stillfried in the Weinviertel to the oldest winegrowing communities in Austria, because in one Celtic Burial mounds from the Hallstatt period around 700 BC. B.C. became grape seeds of the vine Vitis vinifera discovered.
In the first century BC the Romans reached Danube before and founded the province of Pannonia (historical landscape in western Hungary, to which today's Bgld. also belonged, which only came to Austria in 1920). A new wine culture was formed through the lifting of the ban on planting vines by Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282). At that time the Roman legionnaires were entitled to three measures of wine per capita per day. In 433 AD Attila, king of the Huns, conquered the province of Pannonia. The turmoil of the migration of peoples had a very negative effect on viticulture and only the emperors Charlemagne (742-814) initiated a reconstruction, among other things, by introducing more noble ones Frankish Varieties. Being able to serve wine from our own vineyards in the Buschenschenken (Heurigen), great stimulation.
The greatest merit is that Cistercians that drained and cleared the swampy and forested area. In 1216 they built 99 vineyards in Heiligenkreuz (Lower Austria). From here they began to create other wine cultures around the Neusiedlersee, around Marienberg Abbey (near Oberpullendorf) and around St. Gotthard. In the 16th century, the area under vines had reached its greatest extent and viticulture had become the most important source of income. The Hungarian Queen Maria (1505-1558) granted great privileges to the Burgenland winegrowers. It lent to the wine villages Rust. Jois and Neusiedl am See the right to mark their wine barrels with the initial letters "R", "G" (for Geusz) and "N". The famous Rust outbreak was created at that time and that Tokaj equated.
Burgenland was particularly affected by the many Turkish incursions in the 16th and 17th centuries. Despite all the turmoil of war, epidemics, unpredictable weather and other blows of fate, the period from the 16th to the 18th century was the absolute heyday of Burgenland viticulture, at which time predominantly white wines were produced. Large quantities were delivered to the imperial court cellar in Wien and the particularly popular Rust wine received the honorary title "Vinum imperatorum - imperator vinorum". At that time there were four quality classes in Burgenland: Vinum Nobile (fine wine, dried berries of the Furmint variety), Vinum Bonum (quality wine from Furmint, Augster and Muskateller), Vinum Mediocre (medium quality) and Vinum Cibale (table wine).
In 1622 Count Nikolaus received Esterházy (1583-1645) by the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) the lords of Forchtenstein and Eisenstadt assigned as a fief. This noble family promoted viticulture and wine trade and became the largest landowner in Austria. At the beginning of the 19th century, the golden age was over. Due to the Napoleonic wars and crop failures, large areas of vineyards had to be abandoned and rededicated to arable land. In the second half of the 19th century the Burgenland also struck phylloxera to. Paul Vetter made great contributions to the fight Gols, The area is through Pannonian-Continental climate, influenced the climate-regulating influence of the 230 km² Lake Neusiedl and relatively long vegetation times of up to 250 days. Due to the excellent climatic conditions, Burgenland is excellently suited for viticulture and is considered the red wine region of Austria.
Together with Lower Austria and Wien forms the Burgenland wine regionwine country that are used as indications of origin for Vins serves. It used to be in four wine regions divided. In 2016 there was an extensive restructuring with changes in the boundaries of the wine-growing regions. Only two of them are congruent with the former wine regions. The political district Mattersburg forms the newly created fifth area Rosalia. The two major locations Pinkatal and Geschrittenstein were due to the major location südburgenland replaced. The Free City Rust does not belong to a specific area. With all quality wines must on label the generic wine region Burgenland appear; for DAC wines additionally DAC designation, The wine-growing regions with the vineyards in 2017 (the values from 2009 in brackets):
In 2017, the vineyards totaled 13,100 hectares. Compared to 2009 with 13,842 hectares, this was a reduction of almost 6%. The proportion of white wines is 44.4%, the proportion of red wines is 55.6%. At the top are the two red wine varieties Blaufränkisch and Zeigelt, which together make up around 40%:
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||2513||19.2||2649|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - Not used in the Bgld||White||657||5.0||566|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||510||3.9||551|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||286||2.2||325|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||133||1.0||151|
|According to sentence white||-||White||109||0.8||133|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||106||0.8||138|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||77||0.6||95|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||137||1.0||70|
|According to sentence red||-||red||-||0.2||25|
|and. white varieties||-||White||81||0.6||51|
|and. red varieties||-||red||25||0.2||1|
Well-known Burgenland Winzergenossenschaften and winegrowers' associations Blaufränkischland. Pannobile. Pannonian dance. Renowned wineries Burgenland (RWB), Wine idyll in southern Burgenland and Wine cellar Neckenmarkt, The wineries are listed in the wine regions.
Map: © ÖWM