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Burgenland

Burgenland (GB)
Burgenland (F)
Burgenland (ES)
Burgenland (I)
Burgenland (N)
Burgenland (PO)

The state of Burgenland with the capital Eisenstadt is in the far east Austria, It borders on the north Slovakia, in the east Hungary, in the south to a few kilometers Slovenia and in the west to the two Austrian federal states Lower Austria and Styria, Winegrowing has been of great importance here for at least two and a half millennia, as evidenced by the regionally modified saying "Extra Pannoniam non es vita; si est vita, non est ita ”is underlined (you cannot live outside of Pannonia; if you can live, then not as here). The place Zagersdorf counts alongside Stillfried in the Weinviertel to the oldest winegrowing communities in Austria, because in one Celtic Burial mounds from the Hallstatt period around 700 BC. B.C. became grape seeds of the vine Vitis vinifera discovered.

In the first century BC the Romans reached Danube before and founded the province of Pannonia (historical landscape in western Hungary, to which today's Bgld. also belonged, which only came to Austria in 1920). A new wine culture was formed through the lifting of the ban on planting vines by Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282). At that time the Roman legionnaires were entitled to three measures of wine per capita per day. In 433 AD Attila, king of the Huns, conquered the province of Pannonia. The turmoil of the migration of peoples had a very negative effect on viticulture and only the emperors Charlemagne (742-814) initiated a reconstruction, among other things, by introducing more noble ones Frankish Varieties. Being able to serve wine from our own vineyards in the Buschenschenken (Heurigen), great stimulation.

The greatest merit is that Cistercians that drained and cleared the swampy and forested area. In 1216 they built 99 vineyards in Heiligenkreuz (Lower Austria). From here they began to create other wine cultures around the Neusiedlersee, around Marienberg Abbey (near Oberpullendorf) and around St. Gotthard. In the 16th century, the area under vines had reached its greatest extent and viticulture had become the most important source of income. The Hungarian Queen Maria (1505-1558) granted great privileges to the Burgenland winegrowers. It lent to the wine villages Rust. Jois and Neusiedl am See the right to mark their wine barrels with the initial letters "R", "G" (for Geusz) and "N". The famous Rust outbreak was created at that time and that Tokaj equated.

Burgenland was particularly affected by the many Turkish incursions in the 16th and 17th centuries. Despite all the turmoil of war, epidemics, unpredictable weather and other blows of fate, the period from the 16th to the 18th century was the absolute heyday of Burgenland viticulture, at which time predominantly white wines were produced. Large quantities were delivered to the imperial court cellar in Wien and the particularly popular Rust wine received the honorary title "Vinum imperatorum - imperator vinorum". At that time there were four quality classes in Burgenland: Vinum Nobile (fine wine, dried berries of the Furmint variety), Vinum Bonum (quality wine from Furmint, Augster and Muskateller), Vinum Mediocre (medium quality) and Vinum Cibale (table wine).

In 1622 Count Nikolaus received Esterházy (1583-1645) by the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) the lords of Forchtenstein and Eisenstadt assigned as a fief. This noble family promoted viticulture and wine trade and became the largest landowner in Austria. At the beginning of the 19th century, the golden age was over. Due to the Napoleonic wars and crop failures, large areas of vineyards had to be abandoned and rededicated to arable land. In the second half of the 19th century the Burgenland also struck phylloxera to. Paul Vetter made great contributions to the fight Gols, The area is through Pannonian-Continental climate, influenced the climate-regulating influence of the 230 km² Lake Neusiedl and relatively long vegetation times of up to 250 days. Due to the excellent climatic conditions, Burgenland is excellently suited for viticulture and is considered the red wine region of Austria.

Wine regions Burgenland

Together with Lower Austria and Wien forms the Burgenland wine regionwine country that are used as indications of origin for Vins serves. It used to be in four wine regions divided. In 2016 there was an extensive restructuring with changes in the boundaries of the wine-growing regions. Only two of them are congruent with the former wine regions. The political district Mattersburg forms the newly created fifth area Rosalia. The two major locations Pinkatal and Geschrittenstein were due to the major location südburgenland replaced. The Free City Rust does not belong to a specific area. With all quality wines must on label the generic wine region Burgenland appear; for DAC wines additionally DAC designation, The wine-growing regions with the vineyards in 2017 (the values from 2009 in brackets):

  • Eisenberg DAC (congruent with former South Burgenland) - 515 ha (499 ha)
  • Leithaberg DAC (formerly Neusiedlersee hill country, changed borders) - 3,097 ha (3,576 ha)
  • Mittelburgenland DAC (identical and congruent) - 2,104 ha (2,118 ha)
  • Lake Neusiedl DAC (with the same name, changed borders) - 6,675 ha (7,649 ha)
  • Rosalia DAC (Mattersburg district, new) - 297 ha
  • local community Rust - 412 hectares

Burgenland - Map with wine-growing regions

Blend

In 2017, the vineyards totaled 13,100 hectares. Compared to 2009 with 13,842 hectares, this was a reduction of almost 6%. The proportion of white wines is 44.4%, the proportion of red wines is 55.6%. At the top are the two red wine varieties Blaufränkisch and Zeigelt, which together make up around 40%:

Grape variety - Austrian
main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
colour hectare
2017
% -Ant
2017
hectare
2009
Blaufränkisch - red 2843 21.7 3053
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 2513 19.2 2649
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 1365 10.4 1473
Riesling - White 1255 9.6 1422
ChardonnayMorillon - Not used in the Bgld White 657 5.0 566
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner White 510 3.9 551
Merlot - r0t 435 3.3 395
St. Laurent - red 368 2.8 406
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 365 2.8 363
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 300 2.3 376
Blue burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 286 2.2 325
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 265 2.0 198
Muscat Ottonel - White 262 2.0 264
Bouvier - White 187 1.4 204
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 157 1.2 191
Neuburger - White 139 1.1 219
White Riesling Riesling, Rheinriesling White 133 1.0 151
Syrah Shiraz red 114 0.9 113
Blauburger - red 112 0.9 163
According to sentence white - White 109 0.8 133
TraminerGewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. White 106 0.8 138
Gray burgundy Pinot gris, Ruländer White 77 0.6 95
Goldburger - White 48 0.4 80
Roesler - red 128 1.0 71
muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc White 137 1.0 70
Cabernet Franc - red 59 0.5 34
Rathay - red 23 0.2 -
According to sentence red - red - 0.2 25
Frühroter Veltliner malmsey White 13 0.1 21
Blue Portuguese - red 11 0.1 19
Furmint - White 11 0.1 8th
Jubiläumsrebe - White 3.5 - 9
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner White 2 - 2
Rotgipfler - White 1 - -
Red Veltliner - White 0.5 - 1
Zierfandler Spätrot White 0.3 - 1
and. white varieties - White 81 0.6 51
and. red varieties - red 25 0.2 1
WHITE VARIETIES 5818 44.4 6227
RED VARIETIES 7282 55.6 7615
TOTAL 13,100 100 13842

producers

Well-known Burgenland Winzergenossenschaften and winegrowers' associations Blaufränkischland. Pannobile. Pannonian dance. Renowned wineries Burgenland (RWB), Wine idyll in southern Burgenland and Wine cellar Neckenmarkt, The wineries are listed in the wine regions.

Map: © ÖWM

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