The Edinburgh (Scotland) born wine expert James Busby (1802-1871) is considered the father and leading pioneer of Australian viticulture. There are some parallels between him and Agoston Haraszthy (1812-1869) the founder of California viticulture. Busby had traveled through several European wine-growing countries in the early 19th century and had studied winegrowing intensively. A little later he emigrated with his parents Australia out.
In 1822 he published a book on "Cultivation of the Vine and the Art of Winemaking", which he had written during the long voyage. He also used knowledge from the French chemist Claude Chaptal (1769-1821). This prompted many settlers to deal with this topic practically. In 1825 he founded north of Sydney in what is now the GI area Hunter Valley a farm and just happened to choose one of the best wine regions in Australia. He named the business Kirkton after his Scottish birthplace.
In 1830 he returned to Europe and visited many wineries in Spain and France. He also learned the legendary Don Pedro in 1831 Domecq at his winery in the Jerez area. On his return trip in 1833, he took 570 French and Spanish cuttings with him - including the red grape variety Syrah (which he called Scyras and later became famous as Shiraz). He gave one specimen of each variety to the Botanical Garden in Sydney, and planted the others on his farm. He wrote the treatise "Journal of a Tour of Some Wine Regions in France and Spain" about his trip. Silesian immigrants made use of his knowledge when they started planting vineyards in the Barossa Valley in 1841 and started viniculture. Busby is also considered the first major wine producer in New Zealand,
Image: By McDonald, public domain, link