Born in Scotland James Busby (1802-1871) is considered the father and authoritative pioneer of Australian viticulture. There are some parallels between him and Agoston Haraszthy
(1812-1869) the founder of Californian viticulture. Busby had traveled through several European wine-growing countries at the beginning of the 19th century and had intensively studied viticulture. A little later he emigrated with his parents Australia
out. In 1822 he published a book on the "cultivation of the vine and the art of winemaking", which he had written during the long voyage. He also exploited findings from Claude Chaptal
(1769-1821). This caused many settlers to engage with this topic practically. In 1825 he founded north of Sydney in today's GI area Hunter Valley
a farm and by chance chose one of the best wine regions in Australia. After his Scottish birthplace he called her Kirkton.
In 1830 he returned to Europe and visited many wineries in Spain and France. In 1831 he also learned the legendary Don Pedro Domecq
on his winery in the Jerez area know. On his return journey in 1833, he took 570 French and Spanish cuttings - including the red grape variety Syrah
(which he called Scyras and later became famous as Shiraz). He gave one copy of each type to the Sydney Botanic Gardens, and planted the others on his farm. On his journey he wrote the treatise "Journal of a tour of some wine regions of France and Spain". Silesian immigrants exploited his knowledge when they started vineyards in the Barossa Valley starting from 1841 and started to grow wine. Busby is also considered the first major wine producer in New Zealand