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Cabernet Sauvignon

The red grape variety comes from France. There are around 60 Synonyms; some alphabetically grouped by country are Kaberne Sovinjon, Kaberne Sovinyon, Lafit, Lafite ( Bulgaria. Moldova. Russia ); Bidure, Bouchet, Bouchet Sauvignon, Breton, Cabernet Petit, Carbonet, Carbouet, Carmenet, Epicier Noir, Marchoupet, Navarre, Petit Bouchet, Petit Bouschet, Petit Cabernet, Petit Cavernet Sauvignon, Petite Vidure, Sauvignon, Sauvignonne, Vidignonne, Vidure France ); Bordo ( Romania ); Bordeaux ( Switzerland ); Burdeos Tinto ( Peru. Spain ); Cab ( United States ).

Cabernet Sauvignon - grape and leaf

Incidentally, Cabernet Sauvignon was the first classic variety, whose parentage or parentage by means of that which had just become popular at the time DNA analysis was found. This happened more or less by chance when the DNA profiles of the most important varieties grown in California were determined and compared when creating a genetic database. This was done in 1997 by Dr. Carole Meredith and John Bowers at the University of California and gave birth to a parent Cabernet Franc x Sauvignon Blanc, This is also the reason why, especially in the 19th century, they often use Cabernet Franc, but also the variety Carmenère (direct descendant of Cabernet Franc) was confused. The worldwide surprise was so great because until then it had been doubted that white varieties could be involved in the development of red ones.

Cabernet Sauvignon - crossing Cabernet Franc (red) x Sauvignon Blanc (white)

A color discovered in Australia mutation is the white berry Shalistin, on open withered seedling Cygne Blanc, Due to its excellent properties, Cabernet Sauvignon is a popular crossbreeding partner worldwide and at around 80 new varieties after this Riesling the second most popular breed. Direct descendants are Arcas. Arinarnoa. baron. Until he. Cabaret Noir. Cabernet Blanc. Cabernet carbon. Cabernet Carol. Cabernet Colonjes. Cabernet Cortis. Cabernet Cubin. Cabernet Diane. Cabernet Doré. Cabernet Dorio. Cabernet Dorsa. Cabernet Eidos. Cabernet Jura. Cabernet Lion. Cabernet Malbec. Cabernet Mitos. Cabernet pepper. Cabernet Suntory. Cabernet Volos. Cabertin. Caperan. Carmine. Carmi Noir. Carnelian. Centurion. Cienna. Codrinski. Echmiadzini. Ekigaïna. Eraskh. Granatovy. Kaberam. Luminitsa. Marselan. Mourvèdre Hichle. Odessky Cherny. Pinotin. Prince Noir. Probus. Riesel. Roobernet. Rubienne. Rubinovy Magaracha. Ruby Cabernet. Ruen. Satin noir. Shiroka Melnishka. Tisserand. Tyrian. VB 32-7. Vympel and Yama Sauvignon,

The name Bidure gave reason to suspect that Cabernet Sauvignon was by the two Roman authors Columella (1st century BC) and Pliny the Elder (23-79), ancient variety mentioned Biturica could descend. Another hypothesis is that the ancient Spanish variety Cocolubis is the ancestor of Biturica and later Cabernet Sauvignon. And from Greek ampelographers became the native Volitsa Mavri believed to be descendants of Balisca (Biturica) and ancestors of Cabernet Sauvignon. But all of these hypotheses have been refuted by the now clarified parentage. It is a much younger variety that is believed to be in the range Gironde (Bordeaux) was created at least before the 18th century.

In 1635, Cardinal sent Richelieu (1585-1642) several thousand vines to Abbé Breton. Therefore, based on the synonym Breton, it is suspected that it may have been Cabernet Sauvignon. The mayor of Libourne (Gironde) first mentioned it in the mid-1770s under the name Petit Cabernet. Only from the end of the 18th century did the variety appear in the Bordeaux increased in appearance. Special merits are attributed to Armand d'Armailhacq and Baron Hector de Brane, who were the owners of today's two wineries Château Brane-Cantenac and Château d'Armailhac, The current name Cabernet Sauvignon did not appear until around 1840.

The medium late vine is very susceptible to fungal diseases, especially eutypa dieback. Esca and real mildew, It has hard-shelled, small berries with a particularly large number of seeds and is therefore rich in phenols, The variety produces dark-colored, tannic and acid-rich red wines with distinctive aromas Cassis and green paprika that have an excellent storage potential. Cabernet Sauvignon belongs to the narrowest circle of Cépages nobles, It is often called the noblest and potentially the best variety. As the main part in Bordeaux blend gives it to the great Bordeaux red wines and numerous other wines in many other countries in the world body and structure, However, many pure red wines are also made from it.

The extraordinary ability of this vine is that even among the most varied Climate- and soil conditions the odor and taste of the wine remain distinctive. It is no coincidence that the legendary Paris Wine Tasting designated wine tasting in 1976, the ten red wines from rank 1 to rank 10 were all without exception dominated by Cabernet Sauvignon!

In France the variety occupies a total of 54,434 hectares. The largest areas are in the region Bordeaux with ~ 27,000 hectares, where it is approved in countless appellations. Following Languedoc-Roussillon (especially Languedoc) with ~ 19,000 and the Provence with ~ 3,500 hectares. In Italy the variety became popular from the 1960s, but was initially not approved in many DOC areas. Through the so-called Super-Tuscans such as B. Sassicaia and Tignanello Then a real boom was triggered and Cabernet Sauvignon is now part of numerous DOC / DOCG red wines. A total of 13,724 hectares were counted here.

The quantities are in other European countries or in North Africa Algeria (1,510 ha), Bulgaria (8,436 ha), Germany (295 ha), England (1 ha), Georgia (286 ha), Greece (1,550 ha), Kazakhstan (20 ha), Croatia (646 ha), Moldova (7,590 ha), Austria (594 ha), Portugal (1,671 ha), Romania (3,718 ha), Russia (3,593 ha), Switzerland (63 ha), Slovakia (570 ha), Slovenia (453 ha), Spain (23,237 ha), Czech Republic (230 ha), Tunisia (337 ha), Turkey (391 ha), Ukraine (4,869 ha), Hungary (2,863 ha) and Cyprus (369 ha).

These are overseas Argentina (16,372 ha), Australia (25,967 ha), Brazil (914 ha), Chile (40,728 ha), China (22,612 ha), Japan (469 ha), Canada (542 ha), Mexico (756 ha), Myanmar (1 ha), New Zealand (517 ha), Peru (48 ha), South Africa (12,325 ha) and Thailand (7 ha), as well as in the United States (34,788 ha) in the States California (~ 29,000 ha), new York (138 ha), Oregon (523 ha), Virginia (105 ha) and Washington (4,167 ha). Cabernet Sauvignon has conquered the whole world in 20 years, the population has more than doubled from 127,878 hectares in 1990 to 288,174 hectares in 2010. So it is in the world varieties ranking unchallenged in 1st place.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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