The red grape variety comes from France. There are around 60 Synonyms; some are grouped alphabetically by country are Sovinjon, Kabiny Sovinyon, Lafit, Lafite ( Bulgaria. Moldova. Russia ); Bidure, Bouchet, Bouchet Sauvignon, Breton, Cabernet Petit, Carbonet, Carbouet, Carmenet, Epicier Noir, Marchoupet, Navarre, Petit Bouchet, Petit Bouschet, Petit Cabernet, Petit Cavernet Sauvignon, Petite Vidure, Sauvignon, Sauvignonne, Vidure, Vidure Sauvignonne ( France ); Bordo ( Romania ); Bordeaux ( Switzerland ); Burdeo's Tinto ( Peru. Spain ); Cab United States ).
Incidentally, Cabernet Sauvignon was the first classic variety, whose descent or parenting by means of the then popular DNA analysis was determined. This happened more or less accidentally when, when creating a genetic database, the DNA profiles of the major varieties cultivated in California were calculated and compared. This was done in 1997 by Dr. med. Carole Meredith and John Bowers at the University of California and resulted in parenting Cabernet Franc x Sauvignon Blanc, This is also the reason why, especially in the 19th century, they often use Cabernet Franc, but also with the variety Carmenère (direct descendant of Cabernet Franc) was confused. The worldwide surprise was so great because until then it had been doubted that white varieties could be involved in the emergence of red.
A color discovered in Australia mutation is the white-berry one Shalistin, on open blown seedling Cygne Blanc, Due to its outstanding properties, Cabernet Sauvignon is a popular crossing partner worldwide with around 80 new varieties after this Riesling the second most popular breed. Direct descendants are Arcas. Arinarnoa. baron. Until he. Cabaret Noir. Cabernet Blanc. Cabernet Carbon. Cabernet Carol. Cabernet Colonjes. Cabernet Cortis. Cabernet Cubin. Cabernet Diane. Cabernet Doré. Cabernet Dorio. Cabernet Dorsa. Cabernet Eidos. Cabernet Jura. Cabernet Lion. Cabernet Malbec. Cabernet Mitos. Cabernet pepper. Cabernet Suntory. Cabernet Volos. Cabertin. Caperan. Carmine. Carmi Noir. Carnelian. Centurion. Cienna. Codrinski. Echmiadzini. Ekigaïna. Eraskh. Granatovy. Kaberam. Luminitsa. Marselan. Mourvèdre Hichle. Odessky Cherny. Pinotin. Prince Noir. Probus. Riesel. Roobernet. Rouene. Rubienne. Rubinovy Magaracha. Ruby Cabernet. Ruen. Satin Noir. Shiroka Melnishka. Tisserand. Tyrian. VB 32-7. Vympel and Yama Sauvignon,
The name Bidure gave rise to the assumption that Cabernet Sauvignon by the two Roman authors Columella (1st century BC) and Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned, antique variety Biturica could descend. Another hypothesis is called the ancient Spanish variety Cocolubis as an ancestor of Biturica and later Cabernet Sauvignon. And from Greek ampelographers became the native Volitsa Mavri as a descendant of Balisca (Biturica) and ancestor of Cabernet Sauvignon suspected. But all these hypotheses were refuted by the now-cleared lineage. It is a much younger variety, probably in the area Gironde (Bordeaux) was created at least before the 18th century.
In 1635 Cardinal sent Richelieu (1585-1642) several thousand vines to the Abbé Breton. Therefore, based on the synonym Breton it is believed that it could have been Cabernet Sauvignon. A first-time assured mention was made in the mid-1770s by the mayor of Libourne (Gironde) under the name Petit Cabernet. Only from the end of the 18th century, the variety occurred in the Bordeaux strengthened in appearance. Special merit attributed to Armand d'Armailhacq and Baron Hector de Brane, who were the owners of today's two wineries Château Brane-Cantenac and Château d'Armailhac, The current name Cabernet Sauvignon did not appear until the year 1840.
The medium of the late-ripening vine is very prone to fungal diseases, especially eutypa dieback. Esca and real ones mildew, It has hard-shelled, small berries with a particularly large number of seeds and is therefore rich in phenols, The variety yields dark-colored, tannin and acid-rich red wines with pronounced aromas Cassis and green paprika which have an excellent storage potential. Cabernet Sauvignon belongs to the closest circle of the Cépages noble, It is often referred to as the noblest and potentially best variety ever. As main part in the Bordeaux blend It gives them the great Bordeaux reds and many other wines in many other countries of the world body and structure, But there are also many varietal red wines from her pressed.
The extraordinary ability of this vine lies in the fact that even among the most diverse Climate- and soil conditions the odor and taste remain distinctive of the wine. It is no coincidence that at the legendary as Paris Wine Tasting Wines tasting in 1976 were the ten red wines from rank 1 to rank 10 were all dominated by Cabernet Sauvignon wines!
In France the variety occupies a total of 54,434 hectares. The largest areas are in the region Bordeaux with ~ 27,000 hectares, where it is approved in innumerable appellations. Following Languedoc-Roussillon (especially Languedoc) with ~ 19,000 and the Provence with ~ 3,500 hectares. In Italy The variety was popular from the 1960s, but was initially not allowed in many DOC areas. By the so-called Super-Tuscans such as B. Sassicaia and Tignanello then a real boom was triggered and Cabernet Sauvignon is now part of numerous DOC / DOCG red wines. Here, a total of 13,724 hectares were counted.
The quantities are in other European countries or in North Africa Algeria (1,510 ha), Bulgaria (8,436 ha), Germany (295 ha), England (1 ha), Georgia (286 ha), Greece (1,550 ha), Kazakhstan (20 ha), Croatia (646 ha), Moldova (7,590 ha), Austria (594 ha), Portugal (1,671 ha), Romania (3,718 ha), Russia (3,593 ha), Switzerland (63 ha), Slovakia (570 ha), Slovenia (453 ha), Spain (23,237 ha), Czech Republic (230 ha), Tunisia (337 ha), Turkey (391 ha), Ukraine (4,869 ha), Hungary (2,863 ha) and Cyprus (369 ha).
Overseas, these are Argentina (16,372 ha), Australia (25,967 ha), Brazil (914 ha), Chile (40,728 ha), China (22,612 ha), Japan (469 ha), Canada (542 ha), Mexico (756 ha), Myanmar (1 ha), New Zealand (517 ha), Peru (48 ha), South Africa (12,325 ha) and Thailand (7 ha), as well as in the United States (34,788 ha) in the States California (~ 29,000 ha), new York (138 ha), Oregon (523 ha), Virginia (105 ha) and Washington (4,167 ha). Cabernet Sauvignon has conquered the world in 20 years, more than doubling from 127,878 hectares in 1990 to 288,174 hectares in 2010. This puts it in the worldwide varieties ranking unchallenged rank 1.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)