Earlier used in Germany and Austria name to classify a particularly outstanding wine, a so-called Kreszenz, The origin of the term is a wine cellar built in 1245 Cistercian in the monastery Eberbach (Municipality Eltville-Hattenheim im Rheingau ). The term Cabinet was derived from a cellar in which the best wines were stored (French cabinet = Nebenraum, a similar meaning has the name treasury ). It was first used in 1712 to produce a wine Reserve Quality to call. This historic cellar is still called "Cabinet Cellar" today. Such wines were not allowed to be fortified with sugar (for the purpose of raising alcohol).
The name "Cabinet" was also added to the predicate wine name, for example "Riesling Spätlese Cabinet". For itself, Cabinet was also an alternative name for naturrein used. Since the year 1971 but according to German wine law Cabinet is no longer allowed. select. Spätlesen etc. were not allowed to be enriched even before 1971. In Germany and Austria There is the wine quality level derived from the term cabinet, which means among other things "smaller museum space (own cellar compartment) with particularly valuable objects" (outstanding wines). See also below special wines,