Previously used in Germany and Austria to classify a particularly outstanding wine, a so-called Kreszenz, The origin of the term is a wine cellar built in 1245 Cistercian in the monastery Eberbach (Municipality of Eltville-Hattenheim in Rheingau ). The term cabinet was derived from a cellar compartment in which the best wines were stored (French cabinet = side room; the name has a similar meaning treasury ). It was first used to make a wine in 1712 Reserve Quality to call. This historical cellar is still called "Cabinet Cellar". Such wines were not allowed to be fortified with sugar (for the purpose of increasing alcohol).
The term “Cabinet” was also added to the Prädikatswein names, for example “Riesling Spätlese Cabinet”. In isolation, Cabinet was also used as an alternative term for naturrein used. Since the 1971 vintage, however, Cabinet is no longer permitted under German wine law. select. Spätlesen etc. were not allowed to be enriched even before 1971. In Germany and Austria there is the wine quality level derived from the term cabinet, which means among other things "smaller museum room (own cellar compartment) with particularly valuable objects" (outstanding wines). See also under special wines,