The region (Italian Calabria) with the capital Catanzaro lies deep in the south Italy and forms the rugged "boot tip" almost completely surrounded by the sea. The coast extends over a length of 780 kilometers. The only three to eight kilometers wide Strait of Messina separates Calabria from the island Sicily, It is one of the oldest wine regions in Italy. Already 1.000 v. Chr. From the outpost of Sicily, Greek settlers founded here and in the neighboring town Campania Colonies and named the area Oinotria, They also introduced many of their grape varieties, including possibly the ancestors of Gaglioppo. Greco Bianco and Greco Nero, After the legend became in today's DOC area Ciro the wine of the ancient Olympic champion named Krimisa generated. The famous naturalist Andrea Bacci (1524-1600) exuberantly praises a wine from Cirella in his main work. Calabria lives on today.
The predominantly Mediterranean climate is characterized by dry and hot summers as well as inland from harsh and cold winters. Due to the positive influence of waters (Seas), there are hardly any temperature fluctuations. Viticulture plays only a minor role compared to the cultivation of citrus fruits, olives and various types of vegetables. The vineyards cover about 9,500 hectares of vineyards. The largest stocks are in the north on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea and in the south on the coast of the Ionian Sea. Even today is the traditional training system Albarello ( gobelet = Bush).
The more suitable for the climate red wines occupy 90% of the area. The most important are Aglianico, Alicante ( Garnacha Tinta ) Barbera. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon, Calabrese ( Nero d'Avola ) Castiglione. Gaglioppo (with a quarter of the vineyard), Greco Nero. Magliocco Canino. Malvasia Nera di Brindisi, Marsigliana Nera ( Magliocco Dolce ) Merlot. Montepulciano. Nerello Cappuccio. Nerello Mascalese. Nocera. Petit Verdot. Prunesta. Sangiovese and Syrah,
Important white wines are Ansonica ( Inzolia ) Chardonnay. Greco Bianco. Guardavalle, Guarnaccia ( Coda di Volpe Bianca ) Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Manzoni Bianco. Montonico Bianco, Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ), Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Riesling Italico ( Riesling ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) Sémillon, Traminer Aromatico ( Gewurztraminer ) Trebbiano Toscano. Verdicchio Bianco and Zibibo ( Muscat d'Alexandrie ). There are the ten IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) Arghillà, Calabria, Costa Viola, Lipuda, Locride, Palizzi, Pellaro, Scilla, Valdamato and Val the Neto. The nine DOC wines make up around 40% of the wine production: