The red grape variety comes from France, The name derives from "col" (grape stalk) and "tor" (twisted) and refers to the strongly angled stalk. Synonyms are Assadoule Bouvier, Binxeilla, Canseron, Colitor, Col Tor, Coulitor, Coy Tor, Dameron des Vosges, Foirard, Foirat, Fouiraire, Fouiral, Fouirassan, Garriga, Pécoui Touar, Pécoui Tovar, Picpoul de Fronton. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Bouteillan Noir (Fouiral) Brachetto del Piemonte (Calitor) Braquet noir. Jurançon Noir or Piquepoul Noir be confused. Two colors mutations are Calitor Blanc and Calitor Gris .
The variety was already mentioned in 1600 by agronomist Olivier de Serres (1539-1619) in a list of grape varieties under the name Colitor. The late ripening vine is resistant to real ones mildew, but prone to downy mildew and Botrytis, It produces light-colored, low-acid and low-alcohol red wines for blending. It used to be in southern France in France Rhone and in the Provence widespread. Since the 1960s, however, by 2010 the stock had shrunk by 90% to only 26 hectares of vineyards.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012