The region (Italian Campania) with the capital Naples is located in the southwest Italy along the Tyrrhenian coast near the "Stiefelspann". Only the regions are more southern Apulia east of it, as well Calabria and Sicily, It is one of the oldest wine regions in Italy, viticulture goes here except for the Etruscan back. Greek colonists founded here and in neighboring Calabria probably already 1,000 BC. Colonies and called the area Oinotria (Land of vines raised on stakes). Later, the Romans here perfected the wine-growing and called the area "Campania Felix" (happy land), because here the wine thrives due to the alluvial and volcanic soil and the abundant sun.
From the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, Sorrento and the islands of Capri and Ischia came the best ancient wines of the Roman Empire. That was among other things Caecubian. Falernian and Surrentine of which the famous Roman authors Horace. Pliny and Virgil raved. The 79 v. Chr. BC completely destroyed by the Vesuvius eruption Pompeii developed into a wine trading center and was the main supplier to Rome. Still in the 16th century, the wines from the Kingdom of Naples were described as the best in Italy. With the fall of the "Kingdom of both Sicily" in 1860 began a decline, which was now slowly catching up.
The vineyards cover about 24,000 hectares of vineyards. The vast majority is on the mainland, but there are also small areas on the two small islands capri and Ischia, The Mediterranean climate with the influence of the nearby sea, the sun-drenched slopes, the protective mountains and the volcanic soils offer an ideal base for viticulture, especially in the provinces of Avellino and Benevento. The higher areas with hot dry summers and cold winters are particularly suitable for red wines. Due to the poverty in this region, as well as devastation caused by earthquakes in the 1960s, this is not fully utilized. However, the region is gaining in importance due to new quality requirements.
Most of the wines are made from local varieties; international play little role in the DOC regulations. Especially Aglianico provides full-bodied and color-intensive red wines. Other red wines are Aglianicone. Barbera. Casa Vecchia, Guarnaccia ( Tintore di Tramonti ), Olivella ( Sciascinoso ), Per'e Palummo ( Piedirosso ), Primitivo ( Tribidrag ) and Sangiovese, The most important white varieties are Asprinio ( Greco ), Biancazita ( Ginestra ) Biancolella. Caprettone. Coda di Volpe Bianca. Falanghina. fenile. Fiano. Forastera. Greco Bianco. Malvasia Bianca di Candia, Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ) Ripolo. Trebbiano Toscano and Verdeca,
The 10 IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) are Benevento or Benevento, Campania, Catalanesca del Monte Somma, Colli di Salerno, Dugenta, Epomeo, Paestum, Pompeiano, Roccamonfina and Terre del Volturno. Only around 10% of production is accounted for by DOC / DOCG wines. Of these comes a good part of the winery Mastroberardino, The 19 DOC / DOCG areas: