The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Caccione Nero, Canaiolo, Canaiolo Toscano, Canajolo Nero, Canajuola, Cannaiola di Marta, Cannaiola Macchie di Marta and Uva dei Cani. Despite apparently suggestive synonyms, she is not allowed with the variety Colorino del Valdarno be confused. The pink berry Canaiolo Rosa is a color mutation; however, there is no relationship with the white-berry Canaiolo Bianco (Drupeggio). According to a hypothesis, the vine or an ancestor was already the Etruscans known and therefore became ' Vitis vinifera etrusca designated. What is certain, however, is that it was already used by the scholar in 1303 Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1321) was mentioned. In a work by the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) it was praised under the name Canaiuola at the end of the 16th century as one of the best Tuscan varieties. Before that of Baron Ricasoli (1809-1880) recommended Chianti recipe the variety played an important role and was even more important from the 18th to the 19th century than the current main variety Sangiovese,
The late-ripening, low-yielding vine produces extraordinarily colorful, full-bodied and velvety red wines with a slight bitter tone. Above all, it serves as a cutting partner for the Sangiovese. Because of their resistance to bunch rot she used to like to be in the drying room Governo method used. The variety is mainly in the Tuscany, but also in the regions Lazio. Liguria. Brands. Sardinia and Umbria common. There it is like in many DOC / DOCG wines Barco Reale di Carmignano. Carmignano. Chianti. Chianti Classico. Colli dell'Etruria Centrale. Colli Etruschi Viterbesi. Colline Lucchesi. Lake Corbara. Monte Carlo. Rosso di Montepulciano. Rosso Orvietano. San Gimignano. Torgiano. Torgiano Rosso Riserva and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano authorized. In 2010 1,068 hectares were registered for Canaiolo Nero (2,304 in 2000) and only 1 hectare for Canaiolo Rosa (114 in 2000).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service