The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Caccione Nero, Canaiolo, Canaiolo Toscano, Canajolo Nero, Canajuola, Cannaiola di Marta, Cannaiola Macchie di Marta and Uva dei Cani. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms, she is not allowed to use the variety Colorino del Valdarno be confused. The pink-beige Canaiolo Rosa is a color mutation; However, there is no relationship with the white-berry Canaiolo Bianco (Drupeggio). According to a hypothesis, the vine or an ancestor was already the Etruscans known and 'was therefore as Vitis vinifera etrusca designated. But it is certain that it was already in the year 1303 by the scholar Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1321). In a work of the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) it was praised as Canaiuola end of the 16th century as one of the best Tuscan varieties. Before that of Baron Ricasoli (1809-1880) recommended Chianti recipe The variety played an important role and was even more important from the 18th to the 19th century than today's main grape variety Sangiovese,
The late-ripening, low-yielding vine produces extremely colorful, full-bodied and velvety red wines with a slight bitter note. Above all, she serves as a blending partner for Sangiovese. Due to their resistance to bunch rot During drying, she used to like being in the past Governo method used. The variety is mainly in the Tuscany but also in the regions Lazio. Liguria. Brands. Sardinia and Umbria common. There she is like in many DOC / DOCG wines Barco Reale di Carmignano. Carmignano. Chianti. Chianti Classico. Colli dell'Etruria Centrale. Colli Etruschi Viterbesi. Colline Lucchesi. Lago di Corbara. Monte Carlo. Rosso di Montepulciano. Rosso Orvietano. San Gimignano. Torgiano. Torgiano Rosso Riserva and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano authorized. In 2010, Canaiolo Nero recorded 1,068 hectares (2000: 2,304) and Canaiolo Rosa only 1 hectare (114 in 2000).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service